A computer-based system to support forensic studies on handwritten documents
Computer-based forensic handwriting analysis requires sophisticated methods for the pre-processing of digitized paper documents, in order to provide high-quality digitized handwriting, which represents the original handwritten product as accurately as possible. Due to the requirement of processing a huge amount of different document types, neither a standardized queue of processing stages, fixed parameter sets nor fixed image operations are qualified for such pre-processing methods. Thus, we present an open layered framework that covers adaptation abilities at the parameter, operator, and algorithm levels. Moreover, an embedded module, which uses genetic programming, might generate specific filters for background removal on-the-fly. The framework is understood as an assistance system for forensic handwriting experts and has been in use by the Bundeskriminalamt, the federal police bureau in Germany, for two years. In the following, the layered framework will be presented, fundamental document-independent filters for textured, homogeneous background removal and for foreground removal will be described, as well as aspects of the implementation. Results of the framework-application will also be given.
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