Notes of food selection in the Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba
Analysis of the gut contents of Euphausia superba and of the phytoplankton composition in the area of the animals catchment served as a basis for answering the question whether or not E. superba is capable of food selection. It was found that the diatom Thalassiosira is preferred by E. superba as a food item and small pennate diatoms, Nitzschia, and Navicula are only tolerated as food. Other algae taxa, such as Tropidoneis, Dactyliosolen, Chaetoceros, and Gyrodinium, are clearly avoided. With respect to phytoplankton cell size, E. superba prefers cells with a length of 20–40 μm and cells larger than 70 μm are rejected. Trophic conditions only slightly affect the food selection of E. superba.
KeywordsPhytoplankton Cell Size Food Item Trophic Condition Navicula
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