Rigidity of measurable structure for \(\mathbb Z^d\)-actions by automorphisms of a torus
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We show that for certain classes of actions of \(\mathbb Z^d,\ d\ge 2\), by automorphisms of the torus any measurable conjugacy has to be affine, hence measurable conjugacy implies algebraic conjugacy; similarly any measurable factor is algebraic, and algebraic and affine centralizers provide invariants of measurable conjugacy. Using the algebraic machinery of dual modules and information about class numbers of algebraic number fields we construct various examples of \(\mathbb Z^d\)-actions by Bernoulli automorphisms whose measurable orbit structure is rigid, including actions which are weakly isomorphic but not isomorphic. We show that the structure of the centralizer for these actions may or may not serve as a distinguishing measure-theoretic invariant.
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