Hydroacridines XXI . 13C NMR Spectroscopic Investigation of the Stereoselectivities of Quaternizations of N-Alkyl Derivatives of (4aα,8aβ,9aβ,10aα)- and (4aα,8aα,9aβ,10aα)-Tetradecahydroacridine
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The stereoselectivities of the quaternization reactions of (4aα,8aβ,9aβ,10aα)- and (4aα,8aα,9aβ,10aα)-tetradecahydro-10-methylacridine with methyl- and ethyl iodide as well as those of (4aα,8aβ,9aβ,10aα)- and (4aα,8aα,9aβ,10aα)-10-ethyl-tetradecahydroacridine with methyl iodide were investigated using 13C NMR spectroscopy including 13C-labelling where appropriate. The methylations of both N-methyl amines occur by predominant (60% and 75%, respectively) equatorial approach, their ethylations occur sterospecifically by equatorial approach, and the methylations of the N-ethyl amines occur by highly stereoselective (> 90%) axial approach of the quaternizing reagent.
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