Differential induction of apoptosis in x-irradiated L5178Y sublines bearing p53 mutation
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We examined apoptosis and expression of p53, E2F-1, bax, bclxL and bcl2 proteins in two L5178Y (LY) murine lymphoma sublines, LY-R and LY-S, which differ in radiosensitivity and double-strand break (DSB) repair. Both sublines are heterozygous for a p53 mutation in codon 170 that precludes the transactivation function. Accordingly, there is no G1/S arrest after irradiation.We found that there is no change in expression of E2F-1, bax, bclxL or bcl2 proteins in both LY sublines after x-irradiation. LY-R cells do not constitutively express bcl2, whereas both sublines show high bax content. Radiation induces delayed apoptosis to a greater extent in LY-S than in LY-R cells. The apoptosis can be seen 24 h after irradiation (2 Gy) of LY-S cells, with a maximum at 48 h. LY-R cells need 5 Gy and 72 h post-irradiation incubation to show marked apoptosis (identified by the TUNEL method). The reported observations support the assumption that differential radiosensitivity of LY sublines is associated with the induction of apoptosis that is not related to transactivation by p53 and is primarily related to differential DNA repair ability.
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