Expression of elastin-related proteins and matrix metalloproteinases in actinic elastosis of sun-damaged skin
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Abstract Actinic elastosis is characterized by an accumulation of elastotic material in the upper dermis and is considered to be a manifestation of ultraviolet-induced skin aging. To compare the structural components of the elastotic material in actinic elastosis with those in normal skin, skin specimens were stained with antibodies raised against various elastin-related proteins. Elastotic materials exhibited a strong reaction to the antibodies for elastin, microfibril-associated glycoprotein-1 (MAGP-1), MAGP-4, matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1), MMP-2 and MMP-3, but a diminished reaction to anti-MMP-9 antibody. Fibroblast cell lines from the upper dermis of affected and unaffected skin were established, and the mRNA levels of MMPs were determined. MMP-1 and -2 mRNA levels were found to be elevated approximately twofold in the fibroblasts from actinic elastosis. Since MMP-1 and -2 are considered to be major enzymes involved in the degradation of matrix components, the accumulation of elastotic materials in actinic elastosis may be related to the degradation process.
Key words Actinic elastosis Elastin MAGP MMPs
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000