Gum Formation by Methyl Jasmonate in Tulip Shoots is Stimulated by Ethylene
The promotive effect of methyl jasmonate (JA-Me) on the induction of gum in tulip shoots (Tulipa gesneriana L. cvs. Gudoshnik and Apeldoorn) was studied in the presence of ethylene. Gum formation in the stem and the basal part of the leaves was induced by JA-Me (1% w/w in lanolin) and stimulated strongly by the simultaneous application of 1 or 5 mm 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC). JA-Me at a concentration of 0.1% did not induce gum, but that together with ACC at a concentration of 1 or 5 mm induced it substantially. Although JA-Me stimulated ethylene production substantially in the stem of intact tulips, ethephon (1% w/w) or ACC (1 or 5 mm) did not induce gum formation in tulip shoots. JA-Me induced gum formation in tulip shoots even in the presence of aminooxyacetic acid or cobalt ions. Moreover, gum formation was also observed in the cut shoot applied with JA-Me as a solution at concentrations of 0.23 mm or more. These results strongly suggest that JA-Me is required for gum formation in tulip shoots, and ethylene probably makes the tissues of shoots sensitive to JA-Me.
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