Eukaliuric natriuresis and diuresis in response to disprocynium24: studies on the tubular site of action
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We previously described that 1,1’-diisopropyl-2,4’-cyanine (disprocynium24, DP24) exerts an eukaliuric diuresis and natriuresis in the anesthetized rat. The purpose of the present study was to localize the tubular site of action of DP24. Employing micropuncture experiments in anesthetized rats, we first tested the effect of systemic application of DP24 (300 µg/kg+300 µg/kg h, i.v.) on whole kidney excretion rates as well as on fluid, sodium and potassium ion delivery to the early distal tubule (VED, Na+ ED, K+ ED). It was found that the eukaliuric diuresis and natriuresis in response to DP24 was accompanied by a substantial increase in VED and Na+ ED, suggesting a predominant tubular site of action upstream to the early distal tubule, most likely in the proximal tubule. DP24 caused a comparable fractional, although minor absolute increase in K+ ED as compared to Na+ ED . Second, application of DP24 into the first surface loop of the proximal tubule significantly increased VED and Na+ ED at a concentration of about 10–7 M, indicating that DP24 may act from the intratubular site. Third, microperfusion of tubular segments revealed that effects of DP24 on the proximal convoluted tubule and the loop of Henle accounted for about 70 and 30%, respectively, of its diuretic and natriuretic action upstream to the early distal tubule. With regard to the loop of Henle, the quantitative effect of DP24 on fluid and Na+ reabsorption proposed a predominant effect on the straight part of the proximal tubule rather than the thick ascending limb. Intratubular DP24 did not affect reabsorption in the distal tubule. In summary, the present findings indicate that: (1) the diuretic and natriuretic effect of DP24 resides predominantly in the proximal tubule, and (2) DP24 may act from the intratubular site. Since DP24 increased VED and Na+ ED without apparently affecting sodium or potassium ion transport in the distal tubule, the mechanism of the eukaliuric response remains unclear.
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