Mathematische Annalen

, Volume 319, Issue 4, pp 715–733 | Cite as

Ricci soliton homogeneous nilmanifolds

  • Jorge Lauret
Original article


We study a notion weakening the Einstein condition on a left invariant Riemannian metric g on a nilpotent Lie groupN. We consider those metrics satisfying Ric\(_g=cI+D\) for some \(c\in{mathbb R}\) and some derivationD of the Lie algebra \({\mathfrak n}\) ofN, where Ric\(_g\) denotes the Ricci operator of \((N,g)\). This condition is equivalent to the metric g to be a Ricci soliton. We prove that a Ricci soliton left invariant metric on N is unique up to isometry and scaling. The following characterization is also given: (N,g) is a Ricci soliton if and only if (N,g) admits a metric standard solvable extension whose corresponding standard solvmanifold \((S,\tilde{g})\) is Einstein. This gives several families of new examples of Ricci solitons. By a variational approach, we furthermore show that the Ricci soliton homogeneous nilmanifolds (N,g) are precisely the critical points of a natural functional defined on a vector space which contains all the homogeneous nilmanifolds of a given dimension as a real algebraic set.

Mathematics Subject Classification (1991): 53C30, 53C21, 53C25, 22E25. 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge Lauret
    • 1
  1. 1.FaMAF, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, 5000 Córdoba, Argentina (E-mail: AR

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