Probing the penicillin sidechain selectivity of recombinant deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase
Deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase from Streptomyces clavuligerus catalyses the conversion of the five-membered penicillin ring to the unsaturated six-membered cephem ring of deacetoxycephalosporin C. The effects on enzyme activity of the penicillin substrate sidechain and various cofactors were investigated using a continuous spectrophotometric assay. The conversion of penicillin G to phenylacetyl-7-aminodeacetoxycephalo sporanic acid (G-7-ADCA) was confirmed, and further details of the reaction were elucidated. The conversion of ampicillin to cephalexin was faster than that of acetyl-6-APA to acetyl-7-ADCA kcat = 0.120 ± 0.001 s-1 versus 0.035 ± 0.001 s-1, but they had similar Km values: 4.86 ± 0.12 and 3.28 ± 0.26 mM, respectively. Amoxycillin and penicillin V were also converted at low levels. Conversion was not detected for penicillanate, 6-aminopenicillanate, carbenicillin, temocillin, ticarcillin or benzylpenicilloic acid, suggesting that the enzyme has a relatively strict selectivity for the sidechain of the penicillin substrate.
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