Expression and cellular distribution of perchloric acid-soluble protein is dependent on the cell-proliferating states of NRK-52E cells
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To clarify the biological role of kidney perchloric acid-soluble protein 1 (K-PSP1), its expression and intracellular distribution were examined in normal rat kidney epithelial NRK-52E cells. K-PSP1 expression was low during the proliferating phase and high in the stationary phase, and shown to have a negative relationship with the protein-synthesizing activity of the cells. Immunocytochemical studies revealed that K-PSP1 is predominantly located in the cytosol, especially in endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus of proliferating cells. In the stationary phase, K-PSP1 was not detected immunologically even though protein and mRNA expression were high. This disappearance of reactivity with anti-serum seems to be due to a conformational change in K-PSP1 induced by unknown factors. These results suggest that the role of K-PSP1 is to regulate cell proliferation, and this may be related to a previously reported ability to inhibit protein synthesis.
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