Cucurbitane-type compounds from Hemsleya carnosiflora antagonize ecdysteroid action in the Drosophila melanogaster BII cell line
- 66 Downloads
The ecdysteroid agonist and antagonist activities of 3 cucurbitanes, 2 cucurbitane glycosides and 2 cucurbitacins isolated from Hemsleya carnosiflora (Cucurbitaceae) have been determined in the Drosophila melanogaster BII bioassay. Carnosiflogenins A and C and carnosiflosides II and VI possess antagonistic activity. Carnosiflogenin A was also found to induce the formation of spindle-shaped cells with high frequency in both the agonist and antagonist assays. At 10−3 M, carnosiflogenins B and C were cytotoxic. 23,24-Dihydrocucurbitacin F and 25-acetoxy-23,24-dihydrocucurbitacin F are also antagonistic at high concentrations. The concentration dependencies of the antagonistic activities of these two cucurbitacins, carnosiflosides II and VI and carnosiflogenin C are presented. The biological and ecological significance of these results are discussed in relationship to the concentrations present in the rhizomes of H. carnosiflora.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.