Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2013:86 | Cite as

Spacetime emergence via holographic RG flow from incompressible Navier-Stokes at the horizon

  • Stanislav Kuperstein
  • Ayan Mukhopadhyay
Open Access


We show that holographic RG flow can be defined precisely such that it corresponds to emergence of spacetime. We consider the case of pure Einstein’s gravity with a negative cosmological constant in the dual hydrodynamic regime. The holographic RG flow is a system of first order differential equations for radial evolution of the energy-momentum tensor and the variables which parametrize it’s phenomenological form on hypersurfaces in a foliation. The RG flow can be constructed without explicit knowledge of the bulk metric provided the hypersurface foliation is of a special kind. The bulk metric can be reconstructed once the RG flow equations are solved. We show that the full spacetime can be determined from the RG flow by requiring that the horizon fluid is a fixed point in a certain scaling limit leading to the non-relativistic incompressible Navier-Stokes dynamics. This restricts the near-horizon forms of all transport coefficients, which are thus determined independently of their asymptotic values and the RG flow can be solved uniquely. We are therefore able to recover the known boundary values of almost all transport coefficients at the first and second orders in the derivative expansion. We conjecture that the complete characterisation of the general holographic RG flow, including the choice of counterterms, might be determined from the hydrodynamic regime.


Gauge-gravity correspondence Spacetime Singularities Renormalization Group 


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© SISSA 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut de Physique Théorique, CEA Saclay, CNRS URA 2306Gif-sur-YvetteFrance
  2. 2.Centre de Physique Théorique, École Polytechnique, CNRSPalaiseauFrance

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