Advertisement

Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2010:24 | Cite as

Dynamical supersymmetry breaking in intersecting brane models

  • F. Fucito
  • A. Lionetto
  • J. F. Morales
  • R. Richter
Article

Abstract

In this paper we study dynamical supersymmetry breaking in absence of gravity with the matter content of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. The hidden sector of the theory is a strongly coupled gauge theory, realized in terms of microscopic variables which condensate to form mesons. The supersymmetry breaking scalar potential combines F, D terms with instanton generated interactions in the Higgs-mesons sector. We show that for a large region in parameter space the vacuum breaks in addition to supersymmetry also electroweak gauge symmetry. We furthermore present local D-brane configurations that realize these supersymmetry breaking patterns.

Keywords

Supersymmetry Breaking Intersecting branes models Gauge Symmetry 

References

  1. [1]
    R.N. Mohapatra, Unification and supersymmetry, Springer, Berlin Germany (2002), pag. 448.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    M. Drees, Theory and phenomenology of sparticles, World Scientific, Singapore (2005), pag. 584.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    J. Terning, Modern supersymmetry: dynamics and duality, Clerndon Press, Oxford U.K. (2006), pag. 324.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    H. Baer and X. Tata, Weak scale supersymmetry, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge U.K. (2006), pag. 556.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    P.M.R. Binetruy, Supersymmetry, Oxford University Press, Oxford U.K. (2007), pag. 536.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    M. Dine, Supersymmetry and string theory: beyond the standard model, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge U.K. (2007), pag. 515.MATHGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    I. Affleck, M. Dine and N. Seiberg, Exponential hierarchy from dynamical supersymmetry breaking, Phys. Lett. B 140 (1984) 59 [SPIRES].ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    I. Affleck, M. Dine and N. Seiberg, Dynamical supersymmetry breaking in four-dimensions and its phenomenological implications, Nucl. Phys. B 256 (1985) 557 [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    D. Amati, K. Konishi, Y. Meurice, G.C. Rossi and G. Veneziano, Nonperturbative aspects in supersymmetric gauge theories, Phys. Rept. 162 (1988) 169 [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    M.A. Shifman and A.I. Vainshtein, Instantons versus supersymmetry: Fifteen years later, hep-th/9902018 [SPIRES].
  11. [11]
    M. Dine and A.E. Nelson, Dynamical supersymmetry breaking at low-energies, Phys. Rev. D 48 (1993) 1277 [hep-ph/9303230] [SPIRES].ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    M. Dine, A.E. Nelson and Y. Shirman, Low-energy dynamical supersymmetry breaking simplified, Phys. Rev. D 51 (1995) 1362 [hep-ph/9408384] [SPIRES].ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    M. Dine, A.E. Nelson, Y. Nir and Y. Shirman, New tools for low-energy dynamical supersymmetry breaking, Phys. Rev. D 53 (1996) 2658 [hep-ph/9507378] [SPIRES].ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    M. Bianchi, F. Fucito and J.F. Morales, Dynamical supersymmetry breaking from unoriented D-brane instantons, JHEP 08 (2009) 040 [arXiv:0904.2156] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    D. Lüst, Intersecting brane worlds: a path to the standard model?, Class. Quant. Grav. 21 (2004) S1399 [hep-th/0401156] [SPIRES].CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    A.M. Uranga, Intersecting brane worlds, Class. Quant. Grav. 22 (2005) S41 [SPIRES].MATHCrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    R. Blumenhagen, M. Cvetič, P. Langacker and G. Shiu, Toward realistic intersecting D-brane models, Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 55 (2005) 71 [hep-th/0502005] [SPIRES].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    R. Blumenhagen, B. Körs, D. Lüst and S. Stieberger, Four-dimensional string compactifications with D-branes, orientifolds and fluxes, Phys. Rept. 445 (2007) 1 [hep-th/0610327] [SPIRES].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    F. Marchesano, Progress in D-brane model building, Fortsch. Phys. 55 (2007) 491 [hep-th/0702094] [SPIRES].MATHCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    S. Kachru, R. Kallosh, A.D. Linde and S.P. Trivedi, De Sitter vacua in string theory, Phys. Rev. D 68 (2003) 046005 [hep-th/0301240] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    E. Dudas and S.K. Vempati, Large D-terms, hierarchical soft spectra and moduli stabilisation, Nucl. Phys. B 727 (2005) 139 [hep-th/0506172] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    E. Dudas, C. Papineau and S. Pokorski, Moduli stabilization and uplifting with dynamically generated F-terms, JHEP 02 (2007) 028 [hep-th/0610297] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    E. Dudas, Y. Mambrini, S. Pokorski and A. Romagnoni, Moduli stabilization with Fayet-Iliopoulos uplift, JHEP 04 (2008) 015 [arXiv:0711.4934] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    K.A. Intriligator, N. Seiberg and D. Shih, Dynamical SUSY breaking in meta-stable vacua, JHEP 04 (2006) 021 [hep-th/0602239] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    K.A. Intriligator and N. Seiberg, Lectures on supersymmetry breaking, Class. Quant. Grav. 24 (2007) S741 [hep-ph/0702069] [SPIRES].MATHCrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    M. Cvetič, J. Halverson and R. Richter, 2, Realistic Yukawa structures from orientifold compactifications, JHEP 12 (2009) 063 [arXiv:0905.3379] [SPIRES].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    M. Bianchi and J.F. Morales, Anomalies and tadpoles, JHEP 03 (2000) 030 [hep-th/0002149] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    T.P.T. Dijkstra, L.R. Huiszoon and A.N. Schellekens, Supersymmetric standard model spectra from RCFT orientifolds, Nucl. Phys. B 710 (2005) 3 [hep-th/0411129] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    L.E. Ibáñez and R. Richter, 2, Stringy instantons and Yukawa couplings in MSSM-like orientifold models, JHEP 03 (2009) 090 [arXiv:0811.1583] [SPIRES].ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    G.K. Leontaris, Instanton induced charged fermion and neutrino masses in a minimal standard model scenario from intersecting D-branes, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 24 (2009) 6035 [arXiv:0903.3691] [SPIRES].ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    P. Anastasopoulos, E. Kiritsis and A. Lionetto, On mass hierarchies in orientifold vacua, JHEP 08 (2009) 026 [arXiv:0905.3044] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    E. Kiritsis, M. Lennek and B. Schellekens, SU(5) orientifolds, Yukawa couplings, stringy instantons and proton decay, Nucl. Phys. B 829 (2010) 298 [arXiv:0909.0271] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    M. Cvetič, J. Halverson and R. Richter, Mass hierarchies from MSSM orientifold compactifications, JHEP 07 (2010) 005 [arXiv:0909.4292] [SPIRES].ADSGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    M. Cvetič, J. Halverson, P. Langacker and R. Richter, The Weinberg operator and a lower string scale in orientifold compactifications, JHEP 10 (2010) 094 [arXiv:1001.3148] [SPIRES]. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    P. Anastasopoulos, G.K. Leontaris and N.D. Vlachos, Phenomenological analysis of D-brane Pati-Salam vacua, JHEP 05 (2010) 011 [arXiv:1002.2937] [SPIRES].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    M. Cvetič, J. Halverson and P. Langacker, Singlet extensions of the MSSM in the quiver landscape, JHEP 09 (2010) 076 [arXiv:1006.3341] [SPIRES].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    R. Blumenhagen, A. Deser and D. Lüst, FCNC processes from D-brane instantons, arXiv:1007.4770 [SPIRES].
  38. [38]
    I. Antoniadis, E. Kiritsis and T.N. Tomaras, A D-brane alternative to unification, Phys. Lett. B 486 (2000) 186 [hep-ph/0004214] [SPIRES].MathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    G. Aldazabal, L.E. Ibáñez, F. Quevedo and A.M. Uranga, D-branes at singularities: a bottom-up approach to the string embedding of the standard model, JHEP 08 (2000) 002 [hep-th/0005067] [SPIRES].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    I. Antoniadis, E. Kiritsis and T. Tomaras, D-brane standard model, Fortsch. Phys. 49 (2001) 573 [hep-th/0111269] [SPIRES].MATHCrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    G. Aldazabal, S. Franco, L.E. Ibáñez, R. Rabadán and A.M. Uranga, D =4 chiral string compactifications from intersecting branes, J. Math. Phys. 42 (2001) 3103 [hep-th/0011073] [SPIRES]. MATHCrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  42. [42]
    L.E. Ibáñez, F. Marchesano and R. Rabadán, Getting just the standard model at intersecting branes, JHEP 11 (2001) 002 [hep-th/0105155] [SPIRES].Google Scholar
  43. [43]
    N. Akerblom, R. Blumenhagen, D. Lüst, E. Plauschinn and M. Schmidt-Sommerfeld, Non-perturbative SQCD superpotentials from string instantons, JHEP 04 (2007) 076 [hep-th/0612132] [SPIRES].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    L.E. Ibáñez and A.M. Uranga, Neutrino Majorana masses from string theory instanton effects, JHEP 03 (2007) 052 [hep-th/0609213] [SPIRES].ADSGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    R. Blumenhagen, M. Cvetič and T. Weigand, Spacetime instanton corrections in 4D string vacua — The seesaw mechanism for D-brane models, Nucl. Phys. B 771 (2007) 113 [hep-th/0609191] [SPIRES].CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  46. [46]
    R. Argurio, M. Bertolini, G. Ferretti, A. Lerda and C. Petersson, Stringy instantons at orbifold singularities, JHEP 06 (2007) 067 [arXiv:0704.0262] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  47. [47]
    M. Bianchi, F. Fucito and J.F. Morales, D-brane instantons on the T 6 /Z 3 orientifold, JHEP 07 (2007) 038 [arXiv: 0704.0784] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  48. [48]
    L.E. Ibáñez and A.M. Uranga, Instanton induced open string superpotentials and branes at singularities, JHEP 02 (2008) 103 [arXiv:0711.1316] [SPIRES].ADSGoogle Scholar
  49. [49]
    L.E. Ibáñez, A.N. Schellekens and A.M. Uranga, Instanton induced neutrino Majorana masses in CFT orientifolds with MSSM-like spectra, JHEP 06 (2007) 011 [arXiv:0704.1079] [SPIRES].ADSGoogle Scholar
  50. [50]
    M. Cvetič, R. Richter, 2 and T. Weigand, Computation of D-brane instanton induced superpotential couplings — Majorana masses from string theory, Phys. Rev. D 76 (2007) 086002 [hep-th/0703028] [SPIRES].ADSGoogle Scholar
  51. [51]
    M. Cvetič and T. Weigand, Hierarchies from D-brane instantons in globally defined Calabi-Yau Orientifolds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 (2008) 251601 [arXiv:0711.0209] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  52. [52]
    I. Antoniadis, E. Kiritsis and J. Rizos, Anomalous U(1)s in type-I superstring vacua, Nucl. Phys. B 637 (2002) 92 [hep-th/0204153] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  53. [53]
    P. Anastasopoulos, Anomalous U(1)s masses in non-supersymmetric open string vacua, Phys. Lett. B 588 (2004) 119 [hep-th/0402105] [SPIRES].MathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  54. [54]
    P. Anastasopoulos, M. Bianchi, E. Dudas and E. Kiritsis, Anomalies, anomalous U(1)’s and generalized Chern-Simons terms, JHEP 11 (2006) 057 [hep-th/0605225] [SPIRES].CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  55. [55]
    P. Anastasopoulos et al., Minimal anomalous U(1)-prime extension of the MSSM, Phys. Rev. D 78 (2008) 085014 [arXiv:0804.1156] [SPIRES].ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© SISSA, Trieste, Italy 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Fucito
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Lionetto
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. F. Morales
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. Richter
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.I.N.F.N. Sezione di Roma Tor VergataVia della Ricerca ScientificaRomaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di Roma “Tor Vergata”RomaItaly

Personalised recommendations