We calculate the deconfinement line of transitions for large Nc QCD at finite temperature and chemical potential in two different regimes: weak coupling in the continuum, and, strong coupling on the lattice, working in the limit where Nf is of order Nc. In the first regime we extend previous weak-coupling results from one-loop perturbation theory on S1 × S3 to higher temperatures, where the theory reduces to a matrix model, analogous to that of Gross, Witten, and Wadia. We obtain the line of transitions that extends from the temperature-axis, where to a first approximation the transition is higher than fourth order, to the chemical potential-axis, where the transition is third order. In the second regime we use the same matrix model to obtain the deconfinement line of transitions as a function of the coupling strength and μ/T to leading order in a strong coupling expansion of lattice QCD with heavy quarks, extending previous U(Nc) results to SU(Nc). We show that in the case of zero chemical potential the result obtained for the Polyakov line from QCD on S1 × S3 at weak coupling reproduces the known results from the lattice strong coupling expansion, under a simple change of parameters, which is valid for sufficiently low temperatures and chemical potentials.
1/N Expansion Phase Diagram of QCD
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