Causal holographic information does not satisfy the linearized quantum focusing condition

  • Zicao Fu
  • Donald Marolf
  • Marvin Qi
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics


The Hubeny-Rangamani causal holographic information (CHI) defined by a region R of a holographic quantum field theory (QFT) is a modern version of the idea that the area of event horizons might be related to an entropy. Here the event horizon lives in a dual gravitational bulk theory with Newton’s constant Gbulk, and the relation involves a factor of 4Gbulk. The fact that CHI is bounded below by the von Neumann entropy S suggests that CHI is coarse-grained. Its properties could thus differ markedly from those of S. In particular, recent results imply that when d ≤ 4 holographic QFTs are perturbatively coupled to d-dimensional gravity, the combined system satisfies the so-called quantum focusing condition (QFC) at leading order in the new gravitational coupling G d when the QFT entropy is taken to be that of von Neumann. However, by studying states dual to spherical bulk (anti-de Sitter) Schwarschild black holes in the conformal frame for which the boundary is a (2 + 1)-dimensional de Sitter space, we find the QFC defined by CHI is violated even when perturbing about a Killing horizon and using a single null congruence. Since it is known that a generalized second law (GSL) holds in this context, our work demonstrates that the QFC is not required in order for an entropy, or an entropy-like quantity, to satisfy such a GSL.


AdS-CFT Correspondence Black Holes 


Open Access

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraU.S.A.

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