‘Exotic vector-like pair’ of color-triplet scalars

Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract

We propose a minimal extension of Standard Model, generating a Majorana mass for neutron, connected with a mechanism of Post-Sphaleron Baryogenesis. We consider an ‘exotic vector-like pair’ of color-triplet scalars, an extra Majorana fermion ψ, and a scalar field ϕ, giving mass to ψ. The vector-like pair is defined ‘exotic’ because of a peculiar mass term of the color-triplet scalars, violating Baryon number as ΔB = 1. Such a mass term could be generated by exotic instantons in a class of string-inspired completions of the Standard Model: open (un-)oriented strings attached between D-brane stacks and Euclidean D-branes. A Post-Sphaleron Baryogenesis is realized through ϕ-decays into six quarks (antiquarks), or through ψ-decays into three quarks (antiquarks). This model suggests some intriguing B-violating signatures, testable in the next future, in Neutron-Antineutron physics and LHC. We also discuss limits from FCNC. Sterile fermion can also be light as 1 − 100GeV. In this case, the sterile fermion could be (meta)-stable and n\( \overline{n} \) oscillation can be indirectly generated by two nψ, ψ\( \overline{n} \) oscillations, without needing of an effective Majorana mass for neutron. Majorana fermion ψ can be a good candidate for WIMP-like dark matter.

Keywords

Supersymmetry Phenomenology Strings and branes phenomenology 

Notes

Open Access

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di L’AquilaCoppitoItaly
  2. 2.LNGS, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran SassoAssergiItaly

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