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Deformed twistors and higher spin conformal (super-)algebras in four dimensions

  • Karan Govil
  • Murat Günaydin
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract

Massless conformal scalar field in d = 4 corresponds to the minimal unitary representation (minrep) of the conformal group SU(2, 2) which admits a one-parameter family of deformations that describe massless fields of arbitrary helicity. The minrep and its deformations were obtained by quantization of the nonlinear realization of SU(2, 2) as a quasiconformal group in arXiv:0908.3624. We show that the generators of SU(2,2) for these unitary irreducible representations can be written as bilinears of deformed twistorial oscillators which transform nonlinearly under the Lorentz group and apply them to define and study higher spin algebras and superalgebras in AdS 5. The higher spin (HS) algebra of Fradkin-Vasiliev type in AdS 5 is simply the enveloping algebra of SU(2, 2) quotiented by a two-sided ideal (Joseph ideal) which annihilates the minrep. We show that the Joseph ideal vanishes identically for the quasiconformal realization of the minrep and its enveloping algebra leads directly to the HS algebra in AdS 5. Furthermore, the enveloping algebras of the deformations of the minrep define a one parameter family of HS algebras in AdS 5 for which certain 4d covariant deformations of the Joseph ideal vanish identically. These results extend to superconformal algebras SU(2, 2|N) and we find a one parameter family of HS superalgebras as enveloping algebras of the minimal unitary supermultiplet and its deformations. Our results suggest the existence of a family of (supersymmetric) HS theories in AdS 5 which are dual to free (super)conformal field theories (CFTs) or to interacting but integrable (supersymmetric) CFTs in 4d. We also discuss the corresponding picture in HS algebras in AdS 4 where the corresponding 3d conformal group \( Sp\left(4,\mathrm{\mathbb{R}}\right) \) admits only two massless representations (minreps), namely the scalar and spinor singletons.

Keywords

Gauge-gravity correspondence Extended Supersymmetry Space-Time Symmetries 

Notes

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, Physics DepartmentPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkU.S.A.
  2. 2.Theory Division, Physics Department, CERNGenevaSwitzerland

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