Thermalization in 2D critical quench and UV/IR mixing
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We consider quantum quenches in models of free scalars and fermions with a generic time-dependent mass m(t) that goes from m0 to zero. We prove that, as anticipated in MSS , the post-quench dynamics can be described in terms of a state of the generalized Calabrese-Cardy form |ψ〉 = exp[−κ2H − ∑ n >2 ∞ κ n W n ]|Bd〉. The W n (n = 2, 3, . . ., W2 = H) here represent the conserved W∞ charges and |Bd〉 represents a conformal boundary state. Our result holds irrespective of whether the pre-quench state is a ground state or a squeezed state, and is proved without recourse to perturbation expansion in the κ n ’s as in MSS. We compute exact time-dependent correlators for some specific quench protocols m(t). The correlators explicitly show thermalization to a generalized Gibbs ensemble (GGE), with inverse temperature β = 4κ2, and chemical potentials μ n = 4κ n . In case the pre-quench state is a ground state, it is possible to retrieve the exact quench protocol m(t) from the final GGE, by an application of inverse scattering techniques. Another notable result, which we interpret as a UV/IR mixing, is that the long distance and long time (IR) behaviour of some correlators depends crucially on all κ n ’s, although they are highly irrelevant couplings in the usual RG parlance. This indicates subtleties in RG arguments when applied to non-equilibrium dynamics.
KeywordsConformal Field Theory Field Theories in Lower Dimensions
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