An unstructured-grid based volume-of-fluid method for extreme wave and freely-floating structure interactions
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A Volume of Fluid (VOF) technique has been further developed and coupled with an incompressible Euler/Navier Stokes solver operating on adaptive, unstructured grids to simulate the interactions of extreme waves and a LNG carrier with full or partially filled tanks. The present implementation follows the classic VOF implementation for the liquid-gas system, considering only the liquid phase. Extrapolation algorithms are used to obtain velocities and pressures in the gas region near the free surface. An arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) frame of reference is used. The mesh is moved in such a way as to minimize the distortion of the mesh due to body movement. The incompressible Euler/Navier-Stokes equations are solved using projection schemes and a finite element method on unstructured grids, and the free surface is captured by the VOF method. The computer code developed based on the method described above is used in this study to simulate a numerical seakeeping tank, where the waves are generated by the sinusoidal excitation of a piston paddle, and a freely-floating LNG carrier with full or partially filled tanks moves in response to the waves. Both head sea and oblique sea are considered in the simulation. Highly nonlinear wave-body interactions, such as green water on deck and sloshing, have been modeled successfully.
Key wordsfinite element method VOF method large-amplitude ship motion green water on deck sloshing
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