The Psychological Record

, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp 519–524 | Cite as

Overconfidence in a Multiple-Choice Test and its Relationship to Achievement

  • Dan Zakay
  • Joseph Glicksohn


Forty-three students completed a multiple-choice test, and their confidence in the correctness of their chosen responses was assessed. It was found that overconfident students received significantly lower grades as compared with students who were not overconfident. The cognitive mechanisms which may be responsible for the influence of overconfidence on performance in multiple-choice tests are discussed.


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Copyright information

© Association of Behavior Analysis International 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dan Zakay
    • 1
  • Joseph Glicksohn
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyTel Aviv UniversityRamat AvivIsrael

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