Effects of Inequity on Human Free-Operant Cooperative Responding: A Validation Study
The effect of disparities in reinforcement frequency on human free-operant cooperative responding was examined. Points exchangeable for money maintained responding. Two schedule components alternated during a session. A random interval (Rl) 60-s schedule of point additions was in effect during the first component and a concurrent RI 60-s RI 60-s schedule was in effect during the second component. Subjects were instructed that the second component was initiated by another subject and that they had the option of earning points by working with, or independently of, the other subject. Independent responses earned points added to a counter marked “YOUR EARNINGS.” Cooperative responses earned points added simultaneously to a counter marked “YOUR EARNINGS” and “OTHERS EARNINGS.” Disparities of reinforcement were produced during the first component by increasing the frequency of point additions to either the subject’s or the fictitious other person’s counter. Disparities benefiting the fictitious other subject reduced cooperative responding, decreased independent responding, and had no effect on nonsocial responding during the first component. Disparities benefiting the subject increased cooperative responding in one subject.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- ADAMS, J. S. (1965). Inequity in social exchange. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 267–299). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- BLAU, P. M. (1964). Exchange and power in social life. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
- DEUTSCH, M. (1973). The resolution of conflict. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- HAKE, D. E, & OLVERA, D. F. (1978). Cooperation, competition and related social phenomena. In A. C. Catania & T. A. Brigham (Eds.), Handbook of applied behavior analysis (pp. 208–245). New York: Irvington.Google Scholar
- HOMANS, G. C. (1961). Social behavior: Its elementary forms. New York: Harcourt Brace & World.Google Scholar
- MARWELL, G., & SCHMITT, D. R. (1975). Cooperation: An experimental analysis. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- SEIDEN, L. S., & DYKSTRA, L. A. (1977). Psychopharmacology: A biochemical and behavioral approach. New York: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co.Google Scholar
- STITZER, M. L., McCAUL, M. E., BIGELOW, G. E., & LIEBSON, I. A. (1984). Social stimulus factors in drug effects in human subjects. In T. Thompson & C. E. Johanson (Eds.), Behavioral pharmacology of drug dependence. (Dhhs Publication No. Adm 81-1137, pp. 30–154). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
- THOMPSON, T., & SCHUSTER, C. R. (1968). Behavioral pharmacology. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar