Interaction of Contingencies and Rule Instructions in the Performance of Human Subjects in Conditional Discrimination
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Three experiments were made to study the interaction of consequences and rule instructions in conditional discriminations of human subjects. Using a matching-to-sample situation involving similarity and difference stimulus relations, the following variables were evaluated: (a) correspondence of rule instructions with task requirements, (b) alternation of matching tasks under self-generated rules, and (c) differential consequences in terms of different densities of outcome information. The results suggest that instructions and consequences interact in complex ways, and that rule-like instructions are not a sufficient criterion to identify rule-governed behavior.
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