Advertisement

JOM

, Volume 19, Issue 11, pp 60–66 | Cite as

Developments and projected trends in maraging steels

  • R. F. Decker
  • C. J. Novak
  • T. W. Landig
Technical Article
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

The original development of maraging steels is reviewed, with emphasis on the basic inventive concepts involved. These concepts are related to the advantages of maraging steels. In addition to attractive combinations of strength and toughness, maraging steels provide resistance to embrittlement (hydrogen, neutron irradiation, and temper) and ease of fabricability. These advantages have led to consideration and use for a wide variety of applications. Important factors that have evolved since the original development are also cited. Control of certain processing factors, including purity level and ingot working practice, have improved the level of properties obtained from maraging steels. Better heat treatments have also provided improvements in both cast and wrought maraging steel. Current developments are outlined and predictions for future performance levels are made, based upon better current laboratory scale results. Significant progress in upgrading the strength-toughness combination of heavy sections, welds, and thin sheet are predicted. Prospects for more stainless grades are also promising. Growth into additional application areas is anticipated.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    C. G. Bieber: Metal Progress, vol. 78, 1960, p. 99.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. F. Decker, J. T. Eash, and A. J. Goldman: Trans. ASM, vol. 55, 1962, p. 58.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Floreen: Trans. AIME, vol. 230, 1964, p. 842.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Floreen: Trans. AIME, vol. 236, 1966, p. 1429.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. R. Gray and A. R. Troiano: Metal Progress, vol. 85, April 1964.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. R. Cupp, E. P. Sadowski, and L. P. Trudeau: Some Effects of Neutron Irradiation on Maraging Steel, Paper presented at AIME Symposium of Radiation Effects in BCC Metals, AIME, Feb. 1967.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. E. Steele, J. R. Hawthorne, and R. A. Gray, Jr.: NRL Report 6419, Sept. 7, 1966.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. W. Dean and H. R. Copson: Corrosion, vol. 21, 1965, p. 95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. W. Kirk, R. A. Covert, and T. P. May: Corrosion Behavior of High Strength Steels in Marine Environments, to be submitted to ASM Metals Eng. Quart.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. J. Novak and L. M. Diran: Journal of Metals, vol. 15, 1963, p. 200.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. J. Matas: ASM Metals Eng. Quart., vol. 4, 1964, p. 48.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. G. Haynes: ISI Spec. Rep. 86, 1964, p. 125.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Floreen and R. F. Decker: Trans. ASM, vol. 55, 1962, pp. 518 and 1069.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Floreen: Trans. ASM, vol. 57, 1964, No. 1, p. 38.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Floreen and G. R. Speich: Trans. ASM, vol. 57, 1964, p. 714.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. P. Miller and W. I. Mitchell: J. Iron and Steel Inst., vol. 203, 1965, No. 9, p. 899.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. F. Decker: N.P.L. Symposium No. 15, H.M.S.O., 1964, p. 648.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. J. Baker and P. R. Swann: J. Appl. Phys., vol. 34, 1963, No. 8, p. 2505.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. J. Baker and P. R. Swann: Trans. ASM, vol. 57, 1964, No. 4, p. 1008.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    B. G. Reisdorf: Trans. ASM, vol. 56, 1963, p. 783.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    D. T. Peters and C. R. Cupp: Trans. AIME, vol. 236, 1965, p. 1420.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. E. Miner, J. K. Jackson, and D. F. Gibbons: Trans. AIME, vol. 236, 1966, p. 1565.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. Marcus and M. Fine: Precipitation Studies in Fe-Mo Alloys and Related Steels, presented at AIME Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, 1967.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. E. Pellissier: DMIC Report 210, 1964, p. 173.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. R. Mihalisin: Trans. ASM, vol. 59, 1966, p. 60.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    D. T. Peters: Precipitate Reversion in 18% Ni-Co-Mo Steels, to be submitted to Trans. AIME.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    E. P. Sadowski and R. F. Decker: Trans. AFS, vol. 71, 1963, p. 26, and Modern Castings, vol. 4, 1963, No. 2, p. 60.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    E. P. Sadowski: Metals Eng. Quart., vol. 5, 1965, No. 1, p. 56.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    R. F. Decker, R. B. G. Yeo, J. T. Eash, and C. G. Bieber: Materials in Design Engineering, vol. 55, May 1962, p. 106.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    W. Steven: ISI Spec. Rep. 86, 1964, pp. 115 and 134.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. C. Hamaker and D. H. Yates: ASM Tech. Rept. W 6-6.2, 1966.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    D. H. Yates and J. C. Hamaker: Metal Progress, 1966, p. 75.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    G. P. Contractor: Cobalt, vol. 33, 1966, p. 187, and Journal of Metals, 1966, p. 938.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    E. L. Fowler and J. F. McAuliffe: Am. Machinist, vol. 108, 1964, No. 24, p. 101.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    C. E. Witherall and W. A. Fragetta: Welding J., vol. 41, 1962, No. 11, p. 4815.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    W. A. Petersen: Welding J., vol. 43, 1964, No. 9, p. 4285.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    R. J. Knoth and F. H. Lang: ASM Metals Engineering Quarterly, 1966.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    A. G. Haynes and R. Blower: ISI Special Report 76, 1962, p. 33.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    C. J. Novak: Fourth Maraging Steel Project Review, Wright-Field, Dayton, Ohio, May 1964.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    North American Aviation, Inc.:Western Machinery and Steel World, 1966, p. 26.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    R. A. Covert and E. P. Sadowski: 22nd Annual NACE Conference, Miami Beach, Fla., April 18–22, 1966.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    J. E. Brokleff and C. S. Kortovich: Modern Castings, 1967, p. 87.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    G. W. Tuffnell, D. L. Pasquine, and J. H. Olson: Trans. ASM, vol. 59, 1966, p. 769.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    P. Legendre: Cobalt, vol. 29, 1965, p. 171.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    J. R. Mihalisin and C. G. Bieber: Journal of Metals, Sept. 1966, p. 1033.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. F. Decker
    • 1
  • C. J. Novak
    • 1
  • T. W. Landig
    • 2
  1. 1.Paul D. Mercia Lab., Sterling ForestThe International Nickel Co., Inc.SuffernUSA
  2. 2.Product Development Dept.The International Nickel Co., Inc.New YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations