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Historical Archaeology

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 135–153 | Cite as

Intersecting Landscapes: A Palynological Study of Pueblo, Spanish, and Anglo-American Land Use in New Mexico

  • Kyle W. Edwards
  • Heather B. Trigg
Article

Abstract

The southwestern United States provides an opportunity to study the environmental impacts of culturally diverse peoples within a single geographic region. Using palynological data from a 600-year period, we examine the effects of differing land-use strategies employed by Pueblos, Spanish colonists, and Anglo-Americans around the village of La Cienega, New Mexico. The data indicate that, prior to Spanish colonization, Puebloan peoples had successful agricultural practices that created a diverse anthropogenic landscape. Successive waves of Spanish colonists, beginning in the 16th century, and Anglo-American colonists, in the 19th century, brought new plants, animals, and agricultural technologies that interacted with existing indigenous strategies. This history of the landscape of the Southwest reveals the subtle reorganization of the anthropogenic landscape resulting from the interaction and persistence of these three cultural traditions.

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Copyright information

© Society for Historical Archaeology 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyle W. Edwards
    • 1
  • Heather B. Trigg
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesville, ]sVAUSA
  2. 2.Andrew Fiske Memorial Center for Archaeological Research Department of AnthropologyUniversity of Massachusetts BostonBostonUSA

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