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Historical Archaeology

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 57–73 | Cite as

Baroque cities in the wilderness: Archaeology and Urban development in the colonial Chesapeake

  • Henry M. Miller
Article

Abstract

Historians have long assumed that Maryland’s 17th century capital was an unplanned, scattered village with little urban character. In this paper, new archaeological evidence is presented which demonstrates that St. Mary’s City was actually an elaborately planned settlement, laid out according to principles of Baroque design. This is the earliest known use of Baroque urban planning in America. Comparison of the St. Mary’s layout with that of other colonial cities reveals that these Baroque urban concepts were only employed in the Chesapeake region. Possible reasons for this unusual distribution are presented and the implications of this finding regarding the relationship between society, economy, settlement system and urban form are discussed.

Keywords

Urban Form Historical Archaeology Urban Design Town Center Settlement System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Society for Historical Archaeology 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henry M. Miller
    • 1
  1. 1.Historic St. Mary’s CitySt. Mary’s CityUSA

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