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American Journal of Criminal Justice

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 1–16 | Cite as

The United States Supreme Court and the death penalty since Furman: The settlement of basic issues

  • Richter H. MooreJr.
  • Susan R. Moore
Article

Abstract

In 1972 the United States Supreme Court in Furman V. Georgia found that the death penalty as it was then being applied was cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States Constitution. Furman provided few constitutional guidelines, but states reinacted their death penalty statutes.

In 1976 the Court began to receive appeals from death sentences imposed under the reinacted statutes. In its decisions the Court began to establish guidelines. It found the death penalty was not per se cruel and unusual punishment. Before the death penalty can be imposed the court must take into consideration any mitigating circumstances and the case must be reviewed by the state supreme court. A mandatory death sentence is unconstitutional.

Other issues including proportionality, due process and finality of judgment will be examined in the next segment of this study.

Keywords

Death Sentence United States Supreme Trial Judge Fourteenth Amendment Capital Case 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richter H. MooreJr.
    • 1
  • Susan R. Moore
    • 2
  1. 1.Appalachian State UniversityBooneUSA
  2. 2.Hickory North Carolina Police DepartmentHickoryUSA

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