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Expatriates-Training = Expatriates-Einsatzerfolg? Eine Metaanalyse

  • Alexander P. Schudey
  • Ove Jensen
  • Nils D. Kraiczy
Expatriates-Training
  • 155 Downloads

Zusammenfassung

Diese Studie untersucht im Rahmen einer Metaanalyse den Zusammenhang zwischen dem training und dem Einsatzerfolg von Expatriates. Bisherige Metaanalysen zu diesem Thema haben mehrheitlich Studien mit einem Fokus auf Soldaten, Ärzten und Schülern berücksichtigt. Um weitere Erkenntnisse auf Unternehmensebene zu gewinnen, berücksichtigt diese Metananalyse 28 Studien, die alle einen Fokus auf Managern haben. Die Ergebnisse zeigen einen positiven und signifikanten Effekt von Training auf die Arbeitszufriedenheit und das Commitment von Expatriates. Weiterhin zeigen die Ergebnisse, dass Training die Abbruchabsicht von Expatriates verringert. Betrachtet man Anpassung als Erfolgskriterium, so besteht kein signifikanter Zusammenhang zwischen Training und Arbeits- und Interaktionsanpassung. Hinsichtlich der kulturellen Anpassung zeigen die Ergebnisse lediglich einen schwachen Zusammenhang.

Keywords

Adjustment Expatriate International Assignment Meta-Analysis Training 

Schlüsselwörter

Anpassung Expatriate Internationale Entsendung Metaanalyse Training 

Abstract

In order to prepare expatriates for assignments abroad, companies invest in expatriates training. Prior research on the effect of expatriate training on expatriate performance is inconsistent and has mostly focused on soldiers, medical doctors, and students. Hence, this study analyzes the relationship between expatriate training and expatriate performance on an organizational level by applying a meta-analysis including 28 studies with a focus on managers. Results show that expatriate training has a positive and significant effect on job satisfaction and commitment. Further, expatriate training decreases the intention of expatriates to leave the job. In contrast, applying facets of adjustment as performance indicator, results show no significant effect of expatriate training on work adjustment and interaction adjustment. The effect of expatriates training on cultural adjustment is marginal significant. The study discusses implications of the findings for research and management and develops avenues for future research.

JEL-Classification

M16 M53 

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Copyright information

© Schmalenbach-Gesellschaft.eV. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander P. Schudey
    • 1
  • Ove Jensen
    • 2
  • Nils D. Kraiczy
    • 3
  1. 1.Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Lehrstuhl für Vertriebsmanagement und B2B MarketingWHU — Otto Beisheim School of ManagementVallendarDeutschland
  2. 2.Inhaber des Lehrstuhls für Vertriebsmanagement und B2B MarketingWHU — Otto Beisheim School of ManagementVallendarDeutschland
  3. 3.Oberassistent am Institut für Organisation und PersonalUniversität BernBernDeutschland

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