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Die Wirkung des Führungsverhaltens des Top-Managements auf die unternehmerische Orientierung — ein 5-Länder-Vergleich

  • Constanze Chwallek
  • Andreas Engelen
  • Monika Oswald
  • Malte Brettel
Führungsverhalten
  • 161 Downloads

Zusammenfassung

In der Literatur ist die Erfolgswirkung einer unternehmerischen Orientierung, gekennzeichnet durch Innovativität, Risikobereitschaft und Proaktivität, vielfältig und für mehrere Kulturen empirisch validiert. Obgleich diese Studien durchweg positive Erfolgsbeziehungen aufzeigen, fällt auf, dass über Möglichkeiten zur Förderung unternehmerischer Orientierung, insbesondere in unterschiedlichen kulturellen Kontexten, noch kein Konsens entwickelt wurde. Der vorliegende Beitrag adressiert diesen Mangel und überprüft Wirkungen facilitativen Führungsverhaltens auf die unternehmerische Orientierung auf der G rundlage einer S tichprobe mit 668 U nternehmen aus fünf N ationen (Deutschland, Österreich, S chweiz, T hailand und USA ). R egressionsanalysen zeigen, dass sowohl partizipative als auch konsiderate Führungsstile förderlich für die unternehmerische Orientierung sind. Diese Wirkung ist allerdings moderiert durch die nationale Kultur: In L ändern mit einem hohen G rad an Individualismus und Unsicherheitsvermeidung wirkt ein partizipativer Führungsstil stärker, während in Ländern, die durch eine hohe Machtdistanz gekennzeichnet sind, ein konsiderater Führungsstil stärker auf die unternehmerische Orientierung wirkt.

Schlüsselwörter

Facilitatives Führungsverhalten Konsiderater Führungsstil Nationale Kultur Partizipativer Führungsstil Unternehmerische Orientierung 

Abstract

The performance consequences of an entrepreneurial orientation, characterized by innovativeness, risk-taking, and proactiveness, are well established in extant research. While these studies indicate positive performance consequences, extant literature has not yet established a congruent view on the antecedents of entrepreneurial orientation, especially in different cultural contexts. The present study addresses this research gap and analyses the effect of facilitative leadership styles on entrepreneurial orientation within survey data of 668 firms from Austria, Germany, Switzerland, Thailand, and the US. Hierarchical regression analysis reveals that both participative and considerate leadership style relate positively to entrepreneurial orientation. In countries with a high degree of individualism and uncertainty avoidance participative leadership is stronger related to entrepreneurial orientation, while in countries with high power distance considerate leadership style’s relationship is stronger.

JEL-Classification

M10 M16 

Keywords

Entrepreneurial Orientation Facilitative Leadership Styles National Culture 

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Copyright information

© Schmalenbach-Gesellschaft.eV. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Constanze Chwallek
    • 1
  • Andreas Engelen
    • 2
  • Monika Oswald
    • 3
  • Malte Brettel
    • 3
  1. 1.FH AachenAachenDeutschland
  2. 2.Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche FakultätTechnische Universität DortmundDortmundDeutschland
  3. 3.RWTH AachenAachenDeutschland

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