Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection

, Volume 121, Issue 6, pp 237–242 | Cite as

Chemical composition of Piper sarmentosum extracts and antibacterial activity against the plant pathogenic bacteria Pseudomonas fuscovaginae and Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae

  • Sharifah Farhana Syed Ab Rahman
  • Kamaruzaman Sijam
  • Dzolkhifli Omar


Piper sarmentosum is a cultivated plant that also grows wildly in the South East Asian region. It is well known for its medicinal properties and a variety of active chemical constituents. The control potential of the plant extract against bacterial leaf blight caused by Xanthomonas oryzae and sheath brown rot of rice caused by Pseudomonas fuscovaginae was evaluated. The aqueous methanol extracts of fruits and leaves of P. sarmentosum were chemically analyzed using gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry (GC-MS). The results gave the highest best matches of 28 compounds (80.2% of total extracts) in the leaf extract and 24 compounds (89.1% of total extracts) in the fruit extract. The flavonoid fraction 4H-pyran-4-one,2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl- (DDMP) was found to be the major component which constitutes a complex natural product that has been of recent medicinal interest. The extract of the fruit had IC50 of 28.08 and 8.41 mg ml−1 against P. fuscovaginae and X. oryzae, respectively, while the leaf extract had IC50 of 10.42 and 24.69 mg ml−1 against P. fuscovaginae and X. oryzae, respectively.

Key words

Antibacterial activity gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) inhibition concentration (IC) methanol extracts rice pathogenic bacteria 


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Copyright information

© Deutsche Phythomedizinische Gesellschaft 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sharifah Farhana Syed Ab Rahman
    • 1
  • Kamaruzaman Sijam
    • 1
  • Dzolkhifli Omar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of AgricultureUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSelangorMalaysia

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