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Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection

, Volume 113, Issue 4, pp 174–180 | Cite as

Aphids and parasitoids on willows and poplars in southeastern Europe (Homoptera: Aphidoidea; Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Aphidiinae)

  • Ž. TomanovićEmail author
  • N. G. Kavallieratos
  • P. Starý
  • O. Petrovic-Obradović
  • S. Tomanović
  • S. Jovanović
Article

Abstract

Aphid and aphid parasitoid associations on willows (Salix spp.) and poplars (Populus spp.) in southeastern Europe are reviewed. In total 13 aphid parasitoid species were reared from aphids on these plants. The specific parasitoid complex of Acyrthosiphon cf. malvae (Mosley) on Salix retusa and the aphids and parasitoids composition on willows and poplars are discussed. The most frequently sampled and the most abundant parasitoid species in poplar aphid-aphid parasitoid associations was Adialytus salicaphis Fitch. Furthermore, Lysiphlebus confusus Tremblay & Eady was the most abundant species collected on willow-feeding aphids, whereas A. salicaphis, Euaphidius cingulatus (Ruthe) and Binodoxys heraclei (Haliday) were the most frequently sampled parasitoid species on willows. Trophic connections between aphids and parasitoids associated with willow agroecosystems are also discussed. A key for the identification of aphid parasitoids associated with aphids on willows and poplars in southeastern Europe is provided.

Keywords

agroecosystems aphids aphid parasitoids poplars southestern Europe willows 

Blattläuse und ihre Parasitoiden an Weiden und Pappeln in Südosteuropa (Homoptera: Aphidoidea; Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Aphidiinae)

Zusammenfassung

Blattläuse und die mit ihnen assoziierten Parasitoiden an südosteuropäischen Weiden und Pappeln werden zusammen-fassend beschrieben. Insgesamt wurden 13 verschiedene Arten von Blattlausparasitoiden an Weiden und Pappeln befallenden Blattläusen angezogen. Der spezifische Parasoi-denkomplex von Acyrthosiphon cf. malvae (Mosley) an Salix retusa und die an Weiden und Pappeln vorkommenden Blatt-läuse und ihre Parasitoiden werden diskutiert. Die am häufigsten nachgewiesene und am weitesten verbreitete Para-sitoidenart in Pappelblattlaus-Blattlausparasitoiden-Gemein-schaften war Adialytus salicaphis Fitch. Daneben war Lysiphlebus confusus Tremblay & Eady die am weitesten an Weiden parasitierenden Blattläusen verbreitete Parasitoidenart, während A. salicaphis, Euaphidius cingulatus (Ruthe) und Binodoxys heraclei (Haliday) die am häufigsten an Weiden gefundenen Arten waren. Die trophischen Beziehungen zwischen Blattläusen und ihren Parasitoiden in Weiden-ökosystemen werden ebenfalls diskutiert. Die Arbeit schließt mit einem Bestimmungsschlüssel der an südosteuropäischen Weiden und Pappeln vorkommenden Blattlausparasitoiden.

Stichwörter

Agroökosysteme Blattläuse Blattlaus-parasitoiden Pappeln Südosteuropa Weiden 

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Copyright information

© Deutsche Phythomedizinische Gesellschaft 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ž. Tomanović
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. G. Kavallieratos
    • 2
  • P. Starý
    • 3
  • O. Petrovic-Obradović
    • 4
  • S. Tomanović
    • 5
  • S. Jovanović
    • 6
  1. 1.Institute of Zoology, Faculty of BiologyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia and Montenegro
  2. 2.Benaki Phytopathological Institute, Department of Entomology and Agricultural ZoologyLaboratory of Agricultural EntomologyAtticaGreece
  3. 3.Institute of EntomologyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicČeské BudějovicéCzech Republic
  4. 4.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of BelgradeZemunSerbia and Montenegro
  5. 5.Laboratory for Medical ArachnoentomologyInstitute for Medical ResearchBelgradeSerbia and Montenegro
  6. 6.Institute of Botany, Faculty of BiologyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia and Montenegro

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