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Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection

, Volume 112, Issue 6, pp 594–601 | Cite as

Toxic and residual effects of Azadirachta indica, Tagetes erecta and Cynodon dactylon seed extracts and leaf powders towards Tribolium castaneum

  • M. S. Islam
  • F. A. Talukder
Article

Abstract

Direct and residual toxicities of seed extracts and leaf powders of the neem tree (Azadirachta indica), marigold (Tagetes erecta) and durba (Cynodon dactylon) along with two commercial insecticides (malathion and carbaryl, respectively) towards the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum), a major stored-product pest, were evaluated. All seed extracts and leaf powders showed a certain degree of toxicity towards the insects. Among the tested plant derivatives, neem seed extract (100 μg/insect) showed higher direct toxicity (53.13 % mortality) towards red flour beetles than marigold (46.88 %) and durba (37 %) seed extracts. On the other hand, marigold leaf powder (5 %) showed a higher residual toxicity (57.09 % inhibition ratio) than neem (50.06 %) and durba (43.28 %) leaf powder. Compared with the commercial insecticides (malathion and carbaryl), neem seed extract and marigold leaf powder possess a potential as natural alternative insecticides towards the red flour beetle in stored products.

Key words

carbaryl direct and residual toxicity durba insecticides leaf powders malathion marigold neem seed extracts stored-product pests Tribolium castaneum 

Direkte und residuale Giftwirkung von Samenextrakten und Blattpulvern aus Azadirachta indica, Tagetes erecta und Cynodon dactylon auf Tribolium castaneum

Zusammenfassung

Die direkte und residuale Giftwirkung von Samenextrakten und Blattpulvern von Azadirachta indica (Neembaum), Tagetes erecta (Aufrechte Sammetblume oder Studentenblume) und Cynodon dactylon (Hundszahngras) sowie den beiden Insektiziden Carbaryl und Malathion auf den Rotbraunen Reismehlkäfer (Tribolium castaneum), einen bedeutenden Vorratsschädling, wurde untersucht. Alle untersuchten Samenextrakte und Blattpulver zeigten eine gewisse Toxizität gegenüber den Insekten. Samenextrakte des Neembaums (100 μMg/Insekt) wiesen mit einer Mortalität von 53,13 % eine höhere direkte Toxizität auf als solche der Studentenblume (46,88 %) und des Hundszahngrases (37 %). Blattpulver (5 %) der Studentenblume hingegen zeigten eine höhere residuale Toxizität (57,09 %) als solche von Neem (50,06 %) und Hundszahngras (43,28 %). Der Samenextrakt des Neembaums und Studentenblumen-Blattpulver besitzen im Wirkungsvergleich mit den Insektiziden Carbaryl und Malathion ein Potenzial als alternative Insektizide gegen den Rotbraunen Reismehlkäfer im Nacherntebereich.

Stichwörter

Aufrechte Sammetblume Blattpulver Carbaryl direkte und residuale Toxizität Hundszahngras Insektizide; Malathion Neem Samenextrakte Studentenblume Tribolium castaneum Vorratsschädlinge 

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Copyright information

© Deutsche Phythomedizinische Gesellschaft 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Entomology, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of RajshahiBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Crop Sciences, College of Agricultural and Marine SciencesSultan Qaboos UniversityOman

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