Advertisement

Journal of Optics

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 51–55 | Cite as

Development of Low Cost Instrument for Measuring Suspended Solids in Fermented Wash

  • M. L. Dongare
  • M. N. Awatade
  • A. D. Shaligram
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

An attempt has been made to develop a low cost system based on nephelometric principle for measurement of suspended particles in the effluent from Sugar factories and distilleries. The instrument uses a potential arrangement of two LDRs of 20mm in diameter, for compensating for inherent non-linearity of LDRs and providing a low-cost alternative. The paper describes mathematical model and the experimental results.

Keywords

Spent Wash Scattering Transmission Simulation and absorption 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Suntud Sirianutapiboon, Prapa Zohsalam, Sadahiro Ohmomo, De colorization of molasses wastewater by citeromyces sp. WR-43-6, processes Biochemistry 39, 917–924 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Uppal J, Water utilization and effluent treatment in the Indian alcohol industry, an overview in liquid assets, Proceeding of Indo EU workshop on promoting effective water use in agro based industries, TERI press, New Delhi, India 13–19 (2004).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pandey, R.A., Malhotra, S., Pandey, S., Tankhiwala, A., Pathe, P.P. and Kaul, S.N., Treatment of biologically treated distillery effluent a case study, Intern. J. Environ. studies 60, June 263–275 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Arnold E. Greenberg, Lenore. S. Clesceri, American Public Health association (APHA), Standard Methods For Examination of Water and Waste water American Waterworks association (AWWA), Water Environment Federation (WEF). Physical and aggregate properties, approved by standard method committee, 2130 A (2000).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jack Lewis, Turbidity controlled suspended sediment sampling for runoff event load estimation. Water resources research, 32(7), 2299–2310 (1996).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Optical Society of India 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. L. Dongare
    • 1
  • M. N. Awatade
    • 2
  • A. D. Shaligram
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electronic ScienceS.M. Joshi CollegeHadapsar
  2. 2.Vasantdada Sugar InstitutePune
  3. 3.Department of Electronic ScienceUniversity of PunePune

Personalised recommendations