Strain differences in peritoneal macrophage activity and susceptibility to experimental allergic encephalomyelitis induction in rats
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The objective of the present study was to investigate the relevance of peripheral macrophage activity for the susceptibility to the induction of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE). Rats of EAE-susceptible Dark Agouti and EAEresistant Albino Oxford strain were immunized with guinea pig spinal cord homogenate (DAGPSC and AOGPSC), while non-immunized rats served as controls (DANIM, AONIM). On day 15 after immunization rats were sacrificed and their peritoneal macrophages tested for adherence capacity, zymosan phagocytosis and respiratory burst. Macrophages from AONIM rats exhibited lower adherence capacity and higher phagocytosis and H2O2 production when compared to macrophages from DANIM rats. Immunization with GPSC decreased adherence and phagocytosis and increased H2O2 production in macrophages from AO rats, but did not influence these activities in macrophages from DA rats. The results from the present study suggest that inflammatory activities of macrophages from AO rats could be considered as regulatory mechanisms connected with the resistance to EAE induction.
KeywordsPeritoneal Macrophage Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis Pertussis Vaccine Dark Agouti Adherence Capacity
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