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Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 21–29 | Cite as

Androblastoma: Pre-, per- and post-operative steroid hormone and binding protein concentrations in peripheral plasma, cyst fluid and tumor vein

  • P. H. Rolland
  • P. M. Martin
  • A. M. Rolland
  • F. Laffargue
  • H. Serment
Article

Abstract

A case-report of arrhenoblastoma is presented where the endocrine profile has been determined before, during and after removal of the tumor. Sex steroids, cortisol, corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG) and sex steroid binding protein (SBP) were measured in fluid from 2 cysts, tumor vein and peripheral plasma. Hormones were measured by specific RIAs after stepwise chromatography on celite support according to a new elution pattern allowing the resolution of 8 sex steroids in a single chromatographic system. Excessive amounts of androgen, the most prominent being testosterone, and 17-OH-progesterone, but low levels of estrogens and progesterone were found in preoperative plasma. Due to an androgen-directed rise of CBG, large amounts of plasma cortisol were detected. However, preoperative SBP capacity was found to be reduced. The steroid profile of cyst fluids was found to be similar to that of peripheral plasma. Neoplastic cells were found capable of producing an androgen binding protein. These results correlated well with Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors histology, i.e. a testis-like endocrine structure. From the endocrine profile, the steroid biosynthetic pathways are discussed with respect to the possibility that biosynthesis, once the 17-OH-pregnenolone structure was reached, was active along both the δ 5 and δ 4-steroid pathways. The steroid levels in tumor vein and their corres-ponding gradients to the periphery are discussed with respect to: i) the possibility of metabolic and biosynthetic capacities of cancer cells bearing an undifferentiated steroidogenic appearance, ii) the possibility for tumor steroid secretion by others means than by venous blood and iii) the possibility that both point i) and ii) could be the cause of inconsistent diagnosis significant of endocrine profile as observed in some patients.

Key-words

Androblastoma sex steroids 

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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE) 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. H. Rolland
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. M. Martin
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. M. Rolland
    • 1
    • 2
  • F. Laffargue
    • 1
    • 2
  • H. Serment
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Cancérologie ExpérimentaleFaculté Nord de MédecineMarseille Cedex 3France
  2. 2.Clinique Obstétricale et GynécologiqueHôpital de la ConceptionMarseille Cedex 4France

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