Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 173–182 | Cite as

Radioimmunoassay measurement of prostaglandins E2 and F in human urine

  • G. Ciabattoni
  • F. Pugliese
  • M. Spaldi
  • G. A. Cinotti
  • C. Patrono


Techniques are described in detail for the radioimmunological measurement of prostaglandin (PG) E2 and F in human urine. 50 ml urine samples are extracted with an organic solvent system and then purified by silicic acid column chromatography. The overall recovery after extraction and purification, calculated with labeled as well as unlabeled compounds, is in the order of 70%. The column eluates are assayed at 1:12–1:60 dilution in the “standard diluent” of the assay: 8 pg PGE2.or PGF2a/ml of whole urine represents the lowest measurable concentration. A urine blank and a solvent blank were evaluated separately, subjecting 50 ml of urine obtained from an indomethacin treated subject (“PG-free” urine) or 50 ml of distilled water, respectively, to the extraction-purification procedures. Both were found not to interfere with the antigen-antibody reaction. Urinary PG-like immunoreactivity (LI) was characterized in terms of immunochemical and thin-layer chromatographic (TLC) behavior. Both urinary PGE2-LI and PGF-LI behaved as authentic PGE2 and PGF, upon dilution and on TLC. In 33 healthy female subjects (aged 19–58 yr), urinary excretion rates averaged 178 ± 80 (mean ± SD) ng/day for PGE2 and 498 ± 181 ng/day for PGF. In a group of 8 healthy men, both PGE2 and PGF crexcretion rates were higher and more scattered than the female values. When two healthy women were given indomethacin (200 mg/day), urinary PGE2 and PGF dropped to undetectable levels during the 4th day of drug therapy. I ntravenous injection of furosemide (50 mg) in a female volunteer was followed by an immediate rise of urinary sodium, PGE2, PGF and PGE2/PGF ratio and plasma renin activity. Ina 10 year old girl with Bartter’s syndrome, urinary PG excretion rate was elevated with a 3 times higher than normal PGE2/PGF ratio. Indomethacin therapy resulted in a prompt drop of PG excretion rate and of plasma renin activity. These results show that a combi nation of adequate purification steps and antisera with optimal characteristics provides a reliable method for measuring PGE2 and PGF in urine, and therefore a valuable tool to further our knowledge of the physiology and physiopathology of the renal PG-system.


Renal prostaglandins human urine radioimmunoassay indomethacin furosemide Bartter’s syndrome 





thin layer chromatography



EPA 44069

15 (S)-hydroxy-9 α, 11 α-(epoxymethano)-prosta-5Z, 13E-dienoic acid

EPA 46619

15(S)-hydroxy-11 α, 9α-(epoxymethano)-prosta-5Z, 13E dienoic acid


thromboxane B2


7α-hydroxy-5, 11-diketotetranorprostane 1,16 dioic acid


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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE) 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Ciabattoni
    • 1
    • 2
  • F. Pugliese
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Spaldi
    • 1
    • 2
  • G. A. Cinotti
    • 1
    • 2
  • C. Patrono
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyCatholic UniversityRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Medicine IIUniversity of RomeRomeItaly

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