Bromocriptine acute effect on insulin, glucagon and growth hormone levels in acromegalic patients
It has been shown that L-dopa or dopamine administration influences glucose metabolism, as well as insulin and glucagon release in man. In the present study, the effect of bromocriptine (CB-154), a long-acting dopamine agonist, on insulin, glucagon and growth hormone secretion in 32 acromegalic patients was investigated. Glucose, insulin and plasma glucagon levels were not modified following administration of bromocriptine or placebo. Moreover, plasma GH levels were decreased by more than 50% in 18 of the 32 acromegalics. Mean GH levels were significantly lower with respect to levels observed following placebo at 60 min to the end of the test (p < 0.001). Administration of a double dose of CB-154 (5 mg po) one hour before arginine test did not affect insulin or glucagon secretion with respect to levels observed during arginine alone. In addition, there was a fall in GH levels similar to that observed following administration of bromocriptine alone. These findings suggest that bromocriptine in itself does not exert a direct action on insulin and glucagon release. Improvement in glucose tolerance and reduction in insulin secretion observed following prolonged CB-154 treatment in acromegalic patients are probably due to a simultaneous inhibition of GH secretion or to other peripheral effects of bromocriptine.
Key-wordsBromocriptine arginine test insulin glucagon growth hormone acromegaly
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