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Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 70–80 | Cite as

Cardiovascular complications of obesity in adolescents

  • F. OrioJr
  • S. Palomba
  • T. Cascella
  • S. Savastano
  • G. Lombardi
  • A. Colao
Review Article

Abstract

Obesity is an increasingly important worldwide health problem, representing the major risk factor for coronary heart disease. The increase in the prevalence of obesity, particularly among younger age groups, is likely to have long-term implications for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the years to come, especially at a young age. Obesity plays a central role in the insulin resistance (IR) syndrome and increases the risk of atherosclerotic CVD. The present review will examine the relationships among cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors during the childhood-adolescence-adulthood transition. In fact, the relation between obesity, in particular visceral obesity and CVD, appears to develop at a relatively young age. The foremost physical consequence of obesity is atherosclerotic CVD, and an intriguing example of obesity-related cardiovascular complications affecting young women is the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Key-words

Obesity cardiovascular risk cardiovascular disease adolescente PCOS insulin resistance 

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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE) 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. OrioJr
    • 1
  • S. Palomba
    • 2
  • T. Cascella
    • 1
  • S. Savastano
    • 1
  • G. Lombardi
    • 1
  • A. Colao
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular and Clinical Endocrinology and OncologyUniversity “Federico II”NaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity “Magna Graecia”CatanzaroItaly

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