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Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 56–63 | Cite as

Effects of 3-month nifedipine treatment on endocrine-metabolic parameters in patients with abdominal obesity and mild hypertension

  • M. Maccario
  • S. E. Oleandri
  • E. Avogadri
  • R. Rossetto
  • S. Grottoli
  • M. Procopio
  • F. Camanni
  • E. Ghigo
Article

Abstract

It is widely accepted that abdominal obesity presents with exaggerated insulin secretion, insulin resistance and a trend toward glucose intolerance. Hypertension is frequently associated to abdominal obesity, and hyperinsulinism could play a role in its pathogenesis. Some studies reported that Ca-antagonists positively influence insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance in obese patients with normal or elevated blood pressure. However, other studies reported worsening of metabolic balance during treatment with Ca-antagonists in hypertensive non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients and in normal subjects. We studied 19 patients with abdominal obesity, mild hypertension and insulin resistance on balanced, mild hypocaloric diet (1400 Kcal), to verify the effects of the Ca-antagonist nifedipine on both basal and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)-induced glucose and insulin levels as well as on IGF-I basal and DHEA-S levels and fat mass (FM). To achieve this goal, 10 hypertensive obese subjects (HOB-NIFE, 3 males, 7 females, mean age±SD 44.6±1.7 yr; body mass index (BMI) 37.1±2.5 Kg/m2, WHR 0.95±0.02) received 3-month treatment with nifedipine (Adalat Crono 30 Bayer, 1 tab daily) while other 9 hypertensive obese (HOB, 3 males, 6 females, 42±2.4 yr, BMI 35.8±1.8 Kg/m2, WHR 0.91±0.03) were studied during diet only. The same parameters were studied also in 8 normotensive obese patients (OB: 3 males, 5 females, 48.1±2.1 yr, BMI 35.8±2.4 Kg/m2, WHR 0.90±0.03) on the same balanced hypocaloric diet. Basal systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure levels in HOB-NIFE and HOB were similar. At baseline, all groups had similar basal and OGTT-induced glucose, insulin and glucose insulin ratio (GIR) levels as well as IGF-I and DHEA-S levels. After 3 months BMI fell to the same extent in all groups (p<0.05 vs baseline) while WHR and FFM/FM ratio did not change. SBP and DBP decreased HOB-NIFE (p<0.02) but also during diet alone in both HOB and OB, though to a lesser extent (p<0.05). Both basal and OGTT-stimulated glucose and insulin levels as well as IGF-I and DHEA-S levels were not modified in HOB-NIFE as well as in HOB and OB. In conclusion, our data indicate that nifedipine treatment does not modify glucose tolerance as well as insulin secretion and sensitivity, IGF-I and DHEA-S levels in hypertensive abdominal obese patients. Thus, nifedipine treatment has no detrimental effects on endocrine-metabolic balance in hypertensive obese patients.

Key-words

Obesity nifedipine glucose insulin IGF-I DHEA-S blood pressure 

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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE) 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Maccario
    • 1
  • S. E. Oleandri
    • 1
  • E. Avogadri
    • 1
  • R. Rossetto
    • 1
  • S. Grottoli
    • 1
  • M. Procopio
    • 1
  • F. Camanni
    • 1
  • E. Ghigo
    • 1
  1. 1.Divisione di Endocrinologia, Dipartimento di Medicina InternaUniversità di TorinoTorinoItaly

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