Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

, Volume 33, Issue 5, pp 343–346 | Cite as

Primary empty sella: Why and when to investigate hypothalamic-pituitary function

  • A. Giustina
  • G. Aimaretti
  • M. Bondanelli
  • F. Buzi
  • S. Cannavò
  • S. Cirillo
  • A. Colao
  • L. De Marinis
  • D. Ferone
  • M. Gasperi
  • S. Grottoli
  • T. Porcelli
  • E. Ghigo
  • E. degli Uberti


Empty sella GH deficiency hyperprolactinemia hypopituitarism 


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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE) 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Giustina
    • 1
  • G. Aimaretti
    • 2
  • M. Bondanelli
    • 3
  • F. Buzi
    • 4
  • S. Cannavò
    • 5
  • S. Cirillo
    • 6
  • A. Colao
    • 7
  • L. De Marinis
    • 8
  • D. Ferone
    • 9
  • M. Gasperi
    • 10
  • S. Grottoli
    • 11
  • T. Porcelli
    • 1
  • E. Ghigo
    • 11
  • E. degli Uberti
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Medical and Surgical SciencesUniversity of BresciaBresciaItaly
  2. 2.Endocrinology, Department of Clinical and Experimental MedicineA. Avogadro UniversityNovaraItaly
  3. 3.Section of Endocrinology, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Advanced TherapiesUniversity of FerraraFerraraItaly
  4. 4.Centro di Auxoendocrinologia, Department of PediatricsUniversity of BresciaBresciaItaly
  5. 5.Department of Medicine and Pharmacology - Unit of EndocrinologyUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly
  6. 6.Department of Radiology, Section of NeuroradiologyII University of NaplesNaplesItaly
  7. 7.Department of Molecular and Clinical Endocrinology and OncologyUniversity “Federico II”NaplesItaly
  8. 8.Pituitary Unit, Department of EndocrinologyCatholic University School of MedicineRomeItaly
  9. 9.Department of Endocrinological & Medical Sciences and Center of Excellence for Biomedical Research University of GenoaGenoaItaly
  10. 10.Department of Health Sciences, Chair of EndocrinologyUniversity of MoliseCampobassoItaly
  11. 11.Division of Endocrinology, Diabetology, and Metabolism, Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of TurinTurinItaly

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