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L’Endocrinologo

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 159–166 | Cite as

La contraccezione ormonale oggi

  • Franca Fruzzetti
  • Daria Perini
  • Veronica Lazzarini
Article

Riassunto

La contraccezione ormonale è stata negli anni profondamente modificata nei suoi costituenti, dosaggi e regimi di somministrazione. È oggi possibile disporre di preparati che, accanto a un effetto contraccettivo ottimale, possono essere usati a scopo terapeutico per la cura di numerose patologie benigne (acne, dismenorrea grave, dolore pelvico, metrorragie, ecc.). Tra i vantaggi non contraccettivi sicuramente di rilievo è la protezione che la pillola contraccettiva esercita nei confronti del tumore dell’ovaio, endometrio e colon retto. A fronte di questi effetti positivi, i preparati ormonali attualmente disponibili risultano nel complesso privi di gravi effetti collaterali. Luso di basse dosi di etinilestradiolo e di progestinici privi di attività androgenica ha portato infatti alla riduzione fino annullamento di effetti collaterali da sempre legati alla contraccezione estro-progestinica come la patologia cardiovascolare.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franca Fruzzetti
    • 1
  • Daria Perini
    • 1
  • Veronica Lazzarini
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologica 1a “Fioretti”Ospedale S. ChiaraPisaItalia

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