Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 453–462 | Cite as

Off-Shore Sea Surface Electric Field Investigations around the Indian Sub-Continent during 9–20 May 1983

  • G. K. Manohar
  • S. M. Sholapurkar
  • S. S. Kandalgaonkar


Sea surface electric field observations off the coast from Goa (15°25′N, 73°47′E) to Madras (13°04′N, 80°15′E) around Sri Lanka, in a distance range 25–135 km from coast, during 9–20 May 1983 wore taken. In this paper we have examined the diurnal variation of electric field in the Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal regions covered during the cruise of the research ship ORV Gaveshani. An aspect of electric field dependence on coastal distance and Aitken Nuclei concentration has also been studied. An attempt to examine the latitude dependence of field was also made. Results obtained in the above studies are presented and compared with those obtained elsewhere.


Indian Ocean Diurnal Variation Atmospheric Electricity Atmospheric Electric Field Latitude Dependence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bharatendu (1969), The atmospheric electric potential gradient variation at land stations, Arch. Met. Geoph. Biokl., Ser. A, 18: 345–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brown, J.G. (1935), The local variations of the earth’s electric field, Terrestrial Magnetism and Atmospheric Electricity, 40: 413–424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cobb, W.E. (1977), Atmospheric electric measurements at the south pole, Proc. Vth International Conference on Atmospheric Electricity, Garmisch-partenkirchen,Germany, 2–7 Sept., 1974, 161–167.Google Scholar
  4. Gish, O. H, (1942), Further evidence of a latitude effect in potential gradient, Terrestrial Magnetism and Atmospheric Electricity, 47: 323–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kasemir, H. W. (1972/ VIII), Atmospheric electric measurements in the Arctic and Antarctic, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 100: 70–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Khemani, L. T., G. A. Momin, M.S. Naik, P.S. Prakash Rao, R. Kumar and Bh. V. ramana Murty (1985), Trace Elements and Sea Salts Aerosols over the Sea Areas around the Indian sub-continent, Atmospheric Environment, 19: 277–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Khentani, L. T., G. A. Momin, M.S. Naik, R. Kumar and Bb. V. Ramanu Murty (1985a), Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 24: 131–140.Google Scholar
  8. Kikuchi, K (1970), Observations of atmospheric electric field at Syowa Station, Antartica. Jour. Meteor. Soc., Japan, Ser. II, 48: 452–460.Google Scholar
  9. Kolokolov, V.P. (1981), Measurements of the electric field over the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, Akademiya Nauk USSR, 26: 10–16.Google Scholar
  10. Koenigsfeld, L. (1971), Correlations of results from atmospheric electricity measurements at four stations in Belgium, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 84: 27–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mani, A., C.R. Sreedharan, B.B. Huddar, and Y. Ramanathan (1972/VIII), Atmospheric Electricity Measurements over the Indian ocean, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 100: 100–108.Google Scholar
  12. Manohar, G.K., S.S. Kandalgaonkar and S. M. Sholapurkar (1989), Effects of Thermal Power Plant Emissions on Atmospheric Electric Parameters, Atmospheric Environment, 23: 843–850.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Misaki, M., and T. Takeuti (1970), The extension of Air Pollution From Land over Ocean as revealed in the variation of Atmospheric conductivity, J. Meteor. Soc.Japan. 48: 263–269.Google Scholar
  14. Misaki, M., Ohtagaki and I. Kanazawa (1972/ VIII), Mobility Spectrometry of the Atmospheric Ions in Relation to Atmospheric pollution, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 100: 133–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Morita, Y. (1971), The diurnal and latitudinal varition of electric field and conductivity in the atmosphere over the pacific ocean, Jour. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 49: 56–58.Google Scholar
  16. Morita, Y., and H. Ishikawa (1977), On recent measurements of electric parameters and aerosols in the oceanic atmosphere, Proc. Vth International conference on Amospheric Electricity, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, 2–7 Sept., 1974, 126–130.Google Scholar
  17. Muhleisen, R. (1967), Potential gradient and ion measurements on the Atlantic ocean in 1965, XIV, IUGG, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  18. Ramanadham, R and S. Nizamuddin (1984), The sea-surface as local atmospheric electric generator, Arch. Met. Geoph. Biokl. Ser A 33: 35–59.Google Scholar
  19. Ruttenberg, S., and R.E. Holzer (1955), Atmospheric Electrical Measurements in the pacific ocean, Geophys. Res. papers. No. 42: 101–108.Google Scholar
  20. Selvam, A.M., G.K. Manohar, L.T. Khemani and Bh.V. Ramana Murty (1977), Characteristics of rain drop charge and associated electric field in different types of rain, J. Atmos. Sci., 34: 1791–1796.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Selvam, A.M., G.K. Manohar, S.S. Kandalgaonkar and Bh.V. Ramana Murty (1980), Diurnal and seasonal variation of space charge, Electric field and cloud condensation Nuclei in the lowest layer of the atmosphere, Tellus, 32: 232–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Shimo, M., Y. Ikabe, T. Nakayama and M. Kawano (1972/VIII), Measurements of small Ions and Condensation Nuclei over the sea near the land, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 100: 109–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Takagai, M., and M. Kanada (1969), preliminary observation of atmospheric electric field on the sea-surface, Proc. Res. Inst. Atmospherics, Nagoya Uni., 16: 169–174.Google Scholar
  24. Takagi, M. and M. Kanada (1970), Global variation in Atmospheric electric field on the sea-surface, Proc. Res. lnst. Atmospherics, Nagoya Uni., 17: 1–12.Google Scholar
  25. Takagi, M. and M. Kanada (1972 / VIII), Global variation in the Atmospheric Electric Field, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 100: 44–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Uchikawa, K. (1972 / VIII), On the seasonal variations of the Atmospheric Electricity Elements, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 100: 54–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. W.M.O, Tech. Note No 162: (1976) Felt. Oolezalek, H.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. K. Manohar
    • 1
  • S. M. Sholapurkar
    • 1
  • S. S. Kandalgaonkar
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Institute of Tropical MeteorologyPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations