Academic Psychiatry

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 223–228 | Cite as

Attitudes of U.S. Psychiatry Residencies About Personal Psychotherapy for Psychiatry Residents

  • Karen A. Daly
Research Article


This study examined the current attitudes and policies of U.S. psychiatry residencies about psychotherapy for psychiatry residents. The survey was distributed to program directors and chief residents at 196 psychiatry residencies in the United States in 1995–1996. The author received 257 responses, representing 86% of all programs. Results are described and comparisons analyzed by contingency tests. Forty-two percent of U.S. psychiatry residencies recommended psychotherapy for residents, while a smaller percentage of residents engaged in therapy. The psychoanalytically oriented and other psychodynamic programs recommended therapy more often, had more residents in therapy, and perceived therapy as more helpful than the biologically oriented programs.


Academic Psychiatry Psychiatry Resident Psychiatry Residency Chief Resident Personal Therapy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Freud S: Recommendations for physicians on the psycho-analytic method of treatment. C.P. 1924; 2: 323–333Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry: Teaching Psychotherapy in Contemporary Psychiatric Residency Training. New York, Burnner-Mazel, 1987Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Norcross JC, Strausser DJ, Faltus FJ: The therapist’s therapist. Am J Psychother 1988; 42: 53–66PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Greenberg RP, Staller J: Personal therapy for therapists. Am J Psychiatry 1981; 138: 1467–1471PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bridges N: Clinical dilemmas: therapists treating therapists. Am J Orthopsychiatry 1993; 63: 34–44PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    McCarley T: The psychotherapist’s search for self-renewal. Am J Psychiatry 1975; 132: 221–224PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Harr E, Green MR, Hyams L: Characteristics of physicians who have had psychotherapy. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1972; 27: 705–709CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chessick RD: The Technique and Practice of Intensive Psychotherapy. New York, Jason Aronson, 1983Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Myers WA: Shrink Dreams. New York, Simon & Schuster, 1992Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Brown RB: Education for the general psychiatrist as a practicing physician. J Nerv Ment Dis 1972; 154: 193–197PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Small IF, Small JC, Assue CM, et al: The fate of the mentally ill physician. Am J Psychiatry 1969; 125: 39–48Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Russell AT, Pasnau RO, Taintor ZC: Emotional problems of residents in psychiatry. Am J Psychiatry 1975; 132: 263–267PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dalton MS, Duncan DW: Physician heal thyself? Med J Aust 1978; 2: 406–407PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wallace EM, Tisdall GW: Long-term psychotherapy training in residency: influences on therapy and training. Can J Psychiatry 1991; 36: 512–516PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    American Medical Association: Graduate Medical Education Directory: 1994–1995. Chicago, IL, American Medical Association, 1994Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    American Psychiatric Association: Directory of Psychiatry Residency Training Programs, 6th Edition. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1995Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Greden JF, Casariego JI: Controversies in psychiatric education: a survey of residents’ attitudes. Am J Psychiatry 1975; 132: 270–274PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nadelson CC, Robinowitz CB: Training Psychiatrists for the’ 90s: Issues and Recommendations. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Press Inc., 1987Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Stone DH: Design a questionnaire. BMJ 1993; 307: 1264–1266PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wasek PA: Practical considerations in designing data collection forms. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1990; 11: 384–389PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Burns N, Grove SK: The Practice of Nursing Research: Conduct, Critique and Utilization, 2nd Edition. Philadelphia, PA, WB Saunders, 1993Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mateo MA, Kirchhoff KT: Conducting and Using Nursing Research in the Clinical Setting. Baltimore, MD, Williams & Wilkins, 1991Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Polit DF, Hungler BP: Nursing Research: Principles and Methods, 4th Edition. Philadelphia, PA, JB Lippincott, 1991Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Okolo EN: Health Research Design and Methodology. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, 1990Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kerlinger FN: Foundations of Behavioral Research, 3rd Edition. Fort Worth, TX, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1986Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    French S: Practical Research: A Guide for Therapists. Oxford, UK, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1993Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen A. Daly
    • 1
  1. 1.Mental Health DepartmentNaval Medical ClinicPearl HarborUSA

Personalised recommendations