Advertisement

The impact of recalled elementary school height and weight on later weight concerns

  • J. C. Hauser
  • K. M. Young
  • J. M. Neufeld
  • D. R. Musher-Eizenman
Brief Report
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

Although overweight children and adolescents experience a number of immediate difficulties, little research has investigated the long-term psychological consequences for individuals who were overweight as children or adolescents despite their weight status as young adults. The goal of this study was to examine the relations between individuals’ retrospective reports of their weight and height during elementary and high school, and their past and current weight concerns. It was expected that individuals who recall being overweight as a child or adolescent would have more weight concerns than their peers who recall being normal weight, even after controlling for current body size. Participants were 174 females and 61 males, ranging in age from 18–20 (M=18.66 yr, SD=0.63). For females, perceived elementary school weight in comparison to their peers significantly predicted current weight concerns, p<0.05. For males, perceived elementary school height in comparison to their peers significantly predicted a history of weight concerns, p<0.05. Retrospective height and weight in high school did not impact current weight concerns for either males or females.

Key words

Childhood weight childhood height recollections adult weight concerns body image 

References

  1. 1.
    Eisenberg M.E., Neumark-Sztainer D., Story M.: Associations of weight-based teasing and emotional well-being among adolescents. Arch. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med., 157, 733–738, 2003.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Neumark-Sztainer D., Story M., Faibisch L.: Perceived stigmatization among overweight African-American and Caucasian adolescent girls. J. Adolesc. Health, 23, 264–270, 1998.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Strauss R.S., Pollack H.A.: Social marginalization of overweight children. Arch. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med., 157, 746–752, 2003.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lau B.: The role of global negative self-evaluations in the influence of body weight on weight and eating concerns. Eat. Weight Disord., 6, 25–31, 2001.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Annis N.M., Cash T.F., Hrabosky J.I.: Body image and psychosocial differences among stable average weight, currently overweight, and formerly overweight women: The role of stigmatizing experiences. Body Image, 1, 155–167, 2004.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lunde C., Frisen A., Hwang C.P.: Ten-year-old girls’ and boys’ body composition and peer victimization experience: Prospective association with body satisfaction. Body Image, 4, 11–28, 2006.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ridgeway R.T., Tylka T.L.: College men’s perceptions of ideal body composition and shape. Psychol. Men Masculinity, 6, 209–220, 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gupta M.A., Schork N.J., Dhaliwal J.S.: Stature, drive for thinness and body dissatisfaction: A study of males and females from a non-clinical sample. Can. J. Psychiatry, 38, 59–61, 1993.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Thelen M., Powell A.L., Lawrence C., Kuhnert M.E.: Eating and body image concerns among children. J. Clin. Child Psychol., 21, 41–46, 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rieves L., Cash T.F.: Social developmental factors and women’s body-image attitudes. J. Soc. Behav. Pers., 11, 63–78, 1996.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Adami G.F., Gandolfo R., Campostano A., Meneghelli A., Ravera G., Scopinaro N.: Body image and body weight in obese patients. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 24, 299–306, 1998.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cash T.F., Counts B., Huffine C.E.: Current and vestigial effects of overweight among women: Fear of fat, attitudinal body image, and eating behaviors. J. Psychopathol. Behav. Assess., 12, 157–167, 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Allen K.L., Byrne S.M., Blair E.M., Davis E.A.: Why do some overweight children experience psychological problems? The role of weight and shape concern. Int. J. Pediatr. Obes., 1, 239–247, 2006.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Paxton S.J., Neumark-Sztainer D., Hannan P.J., Eisenberg M.E.: Body dissatisfaction prospectively predicts depressed mood and low self-esteem in adolescent girls and boys. J. Clin. Child Adolesc. Psychol., 35, 539–549, 2006.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tiggemann M.: Body dissatisfaction and adolescent self-esteem: Prospective findings. Body Image, 2, 129–135, 2005.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    McCreary D.R.: Gender and age differences in the relationship between body mass index and perceived weight: Exploring the paradox. Int. J. Men’s Health, 1, 31–42, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Editrice Kurtis 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Hauser
    • 1
  • K. M. Young
    • 1
  • J. M. Neufeld
    • 1
  • D. R. Musher-Eizenman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyBowling Green State UniversityBowling GreenUSA

Personalised recommendations