Environmental impact of an orchard winter wash and early season pesticide applications on both a beneficial and a pest mite species in Bramley apple orchards

  • A. G. S. Cuthbertson
  • A. K. Murchie


Apple orchards often receive winter-washes to help aid invertebrate pest control. These can have detrimental environmental consequences. The application of winter-wash increased Aculus schlechtendali numbers while a decrease in numbers of the beneficial mite Anystis baccarum was observed. The application of early season pesticide treatments produced mixed results in relation to A. schlechtendali. Pirimiphos-methyl had no apparent detrimental effect on A. baccarum, whereas pirimicarb and phosalone reduced A. baccarum populations. The potential to incorporate an orchard winter-wash and early-season pesticide applications within integrated pest management strategies is discussed.


Winter wash pesticide application biological control Bramley apple 


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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Central Science LaboratorySand HuttonUK
  2. 2.Department of Agriculture and Rural DevelopmentNorthern Ireland and the Queen’s University of BelfastBelfastUK

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