Fatigue Strength of Corner Welded Web Stiffeners Joints in Synthetic Seawater Obtained by σmax = σy Testing
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The fatigue strength of a web stiffener corner welded joint of the type found in ships was investigated in synthetic seawater using a steel beam specimen and a small-scale specimen. Both specimens incorporated the same weld detail, representing the end of the web stiffener where fatigue cracking occurs. The beam specimens contained tensile residual stresses of yield strength magnitude and they were fatigue tested at R = 0. Residual stresses were lower in the small-scale specimen, and they were fatigue tested with σmax = σy to establish if this testing technique simulated the effect of high tensile residual stresses. This was confirmed since the results obtained from the two types of test were in good agreement. The automatic detection of fatigue crack initiation was performed with an eddy current type detector. This method was effective even in synthetic seawater. It was found that the fatigue crack initiation, defined as the formation of a 1mm deep crack, occupied 20% of the life in synthetic seawater, compared with only 10% in air. If this is generally the case, it may be possible to reduce the cost of corrosion fatigue tests.
KeywordsFatigue Residual Stress Fatigue Crack Fatigue Strength Fatigue Crack Propagation
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