Plantlet Regeneration via Multiple Shoot Induction in Indian Cultivars of Lucerne (Medicago sativa L)

  • Suresh Kumar
  • Amaresh Chandra
  • Madan G. Gupta
Short Communication


An efficient protocol has been developed for in vitro plant regeneration via multiple shoot induction in lucerne (Medicago sativa L). Shoot tips from in vitro grown 5–6 days old seedlings of 3 cultivars, LLC-3, Chetak and RL-88 were used as explants for multiple shoot induction on MS medium supplemented with cytokinins. Maximum of 14 shoots per apical meristem were observed in case of cv Chetak on MS medium supplemented with BAP (12.6 μM) and KN (9.3 μM). Shoot elongation on MS medium supplemented with GA (5.8 μM), while root induction was achieved on MS medium supplemented with IAA (11.4 μM) and activated charcoal (2.0 g l−1). Tissue raised plants showed 75% survival after transfer to soil under field conditions.

Key words

Medicago sativa lucerne alfalfa multiple shoot induction plant regeneration 





indole-3-acetic acid




Murashige and Skoog


gibberellic acid


α-naphthaleneacetic acid


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Crop ImprovementIndian Grassland and Fodder Research InstituteJhansiIndia

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