Advertisement

Employing a Crude Toxin Preparation from Sarocladium oryzae as a Molecular Sieve to Select Sheath Rot-resistant Somaclones of Rice

  • R. G. Hemalatha
  • S. Jebaraj
  • J. A. J. Raja
  • T. Raguchander
  • A. Ramanathan
  • R. Samiyappan
  • P. Balasubramanian
Article

Abstract

This study was undertaken to explore the possibilities of using in vitro techniques for selection of sheath rot-resistant soma clones of rice cv Co43. Oryza nivara and O. longistaminata possessing sheath rot-resistance were included in the study, with a view to comparing the reaction of the susceptible somaclones of O. Sativa cv Co43 to a crude toxin preparation from culture filtrate of the pathogenic fungus, Sarocladium oryzae. A few somaclones of Co43, selecfed on the crude toxin preparation, regenerated into plantlets and their reaction to the toxin was reconfirmed up to R1 generation.

Key words

Sarocladium oryzae rice sheath rot toxin somaclonal variation disease resistance 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Helgeson JP & Haberlach GT, In Tissue culture for plant pathologists (DS Ingram, JP Helgeson, Editors) Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1980) pp 179–184.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sacristan MD, Theor appl Genet, 61 (1982) 193.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Larkin PJ & Scowcroft WR, Plant Cell Tiss Org Cult, 2 (1983) 111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wenzel G, Annu Rev Phytopathol, 23 (1985) 149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Daub ME, Annu Rev Phytopathol, 24 (1986) 159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vidhyasekaran P, Borromeo ES, Ling DH & Mew TW, Int Symp Genetic Manipulation in Crops, Beijing, China (1984) p187.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Alagarsamy G, Indian J Mycol Plant Pathol, 19 (1989) 114.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Narayanasamy P & Viswanathan R, Madras agric J, 77 (1990) 256.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chu CC, In Proc Symp on Plant Tissue Culture, Science Press, Beijing, China (1978) p 43.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bhojwani SS & Razdan MK, In Plant tissue culture: Theory and practice, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1983) pp 43–90.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yoshida S, Forno DA, Cock JH & Gomes KA, In Laboratory manual for physiological studies of rice, International Rice Research Institute, Manila, The Philippines (1976) pp 61–66.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yoder OC, In Genetic engineering of plants (T Kosuge, CP Meredith, H Hollander, Editors), Plenum Press, USA (1983) pp 335–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sakthivel N & Gnanamanickam SS, Curr Sci, 55 (1986) 988.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Alagarsamy G, Sukumar S, Jeyarajan R & Ramasamy NM, In Crop diseases; Innovative techniques and management, (K Sivaprakasam, K Seetharaman, Editors), Kalyani Publishers, Calcutta (1994) pp 405–408.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chung HS, Korean J Plant Prot, 14 (1975) 23.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Batchvarova RB, Reddy VS & Bennett J, Phytopathology, 82 (1992) 640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Velazhahan R, Jeeva ML, Narayanasamy P & Vidhyasekaran P, Indian Phytopath, 46 (1993) 178.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hunold R, Hartlab H & Afanasenko OS, J Phytopathol, 135 (1992) 89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bournival BL, Ginoza HS, Schenck S & Moore PH, Phytopathology, 84 (1994) 672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hohl B, Weidemann C, Hohl U & Barz W, J Phytopathol, 132 (1991) 193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Song HS, Lim SM & Clark JM, Phytopathology, 83 (1993) 659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Siler DJ & Gilchrist DG, Physiol Plant Pathol, 23 (1983) 265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Bains PS & Tewari JP, Physiol Mol Plant Physiol, 30 (1987) 259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sjodin C & Glimelius K, Theor Appl Genet, 77 (1989) 76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kohmoto K, Itoh Y, Shimoura N, Kondoh Y, Otani H & Kodoma M, Phytopathology, 83 (1993) 495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Vasanthadevi T & Gnanamanickam SS, IRRN, 18 (1993) 30.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rudolf K, In Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology New Ser Vol 4: Physiological Plant Pathology (R Heitefuss, PH Williams, Editors), Springer Verlag, Heidelberg (1976) pp 270–315.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Rasmussen JP & Scheffer RP, Physiol Mol Plant Pathol, 32 (1988) 283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Vidhyasekaran P, Ling DH, Borromeo ES, Zapata FJ & Mew TW, Ann Appl Biol, 117 (1990) 551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Yoder OC, Annu Rev Phytopathol, 18 (1980) 103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Sharma SP & Chahal SS, Plant Dis Res, 5 (1989) 87.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Toyoda H, Hayashi H, Yamamoto K & Hirai T, Ann Phytopathol Soc Japan, 50 (1984) 538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Vogelsang R, Berger E, Muhlenbeck U, Tenhaken R & Barz W, Physiol Mol Plant Pathol, 44 (1994) 141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. G. Hemalatha
    • 1
  • S. Jebaraj
    • 1
  • J. A. J. Raja
    • 3
  • T. Raguchander
    • 2
  • A. Ramanathan
    • 2
  • R. Samiyappan
    • 2
  • P. Balasubramanian
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural BotanyAgricultural College and Research InstituteMaduraiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Plant PathologyTamil Nadu Agricultural UniversityCoimbatoreIndia
  3. 3.Centre for Plant Molecular BiologyTamil Nadu Agricultural UniversityCoimbatoreIndia

Personalised recommendations