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Techniques of Benzodiazepine Withdrawal in Clinical Practice

A Consensus Workshop Report
  • John Marks
Review Article Concepts in Toxicology Review

Summary

This is a report of a consensus conference on the management of the benzodiazepine-dependent patient. While the focus is on patients who are already dependent, it is better to avoid dependence in therapeutic use by careful patient selection, low dose and short term administration.

The management of dependence can normally be undertaken in general practice unless there are complicating factors, e.g. concomitant severe medical, psychiatric or social problems. Inpatient management is also preferable for those abusing drugs in the sociorecreational area. Withdrawal should be achieved by gradual dosage reduction over a period of several weeks. Support from the practitioner, family and friends is important to achieve good results. Since postwithdrawal problems occur, good clinician support is necessary over at least the next year.

Despite the risk of dependence, it is stressed that benzodiazepines are valuable therapeutic agents for several psychiatric and physical disorders.

Keywords

Phenobarbitone Alcohol Withdrawal Specialist Advice Dependent Patient Azepine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Smith DE, Wesson DR. Bcnzodiazepine dependency syndromes. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 15: 85–96, 1983PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Smith DE, Wesson DR. Benzodiazepine dependency syndromes. In Smith & Wesson (Eds) The benzodiazepines: current standards for medical practice, pp. 235–248, MTP Press, Lancaster, 1985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Tessler JF, Stokes SR, Pietras M. Consumer response to Valium: a survey of attitudes and patterns of use. Drug Therapy 8: 179–186, 1978Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ADIS Press Limited 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Marks
    • 1
  1. 1.Girton CollegeCambridgeEngland

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