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Drugs & Therapy Perspectives

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 1–4 | Cite as

Aztreonam lysine for inhalation solution: a guide to its use in cystic fibrosis

Drug and Profile Reports

Aztreonam lysine for inhalation solution (AZLI) is a new option for the treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in patients with cystic fibrosis. When compared with placebo in clinical trials, AZLI improved respiratory symptoms, pulmonary function and sputum P. aeruginosa density, delayed the time to need for inhaled or intravenous antipseudomonal antibacterials when used after a course of tobramycin inhalation solution, and was generally well tolerated.

What is the rationale for developing the drug?

Cystic fibrosis is a chronic genetic disease that affects the lungs, pancreas and other organs, ultimately leading to premature death.[1] A mutation in both copies of a gene results in dehydrated, thickened mucous secretions that leads to progressive obstructive airways disease and life-threatening lung infections, as well as other effects such as interference of normal pancreatic enzyme function.

Chronic infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosaand/or other pathogens is...

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